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20 Cards in this Set

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Basal State
metabolic state early in the morning while the body is still at rest, and approximately 12 hours after last intake of food, exercise or activity.
collapsed vein
an abnormal retraction of hte vessel walls
CVC-
Central venous catheter
central venous line a line inserted into a large vein such as the subclavian advanced to superior vena cava, proximal to the right atrium
Diurnal (daily) variations
normal fluctuations throughout the day
edema
an accumulation of fluid in the tissue
fistula
a tube passing from a cavity or vessel to a free surface or another cavity.
hematome
a swelling or mass of blood caused by blood leaking from a blood vessel during or follwoning venipuncture or arterial puncture.
hemoconcentration
plasma portion of blood filters inot the tissues causing an increase in nonfilterable blood components such as RBC's, enzymes, iron
Hemolysis
destruction of RBC's and the liberation of hemoglobin into fluid portion of specimen causing sermum or plasma to be pink to red in color
haparin lock
a special winged needle set that can be left in a patient vien for up to 48 hours, used to give meds or draw blood
iatrogenic
an adverse condition brought on by the effects of treatment
patency
state of being freely open as in a patients veins
petechiae
small nonraised red spots which appear on a patients skin under certain condtions such as when a tourniquet is applied
reflux
backwards flow of blood into the patients vein from the collection tube durning venipuncture procedure.
sclerosed
hard cordlike and lacking resilience viens
syncope
fainting
thrombosed
denotes a vessel that contains a thrombus or clot
VAD-
vascular access device
tubing inserted into a main vein or artery used primarily for administering fluid and meds, monitoring pressurers and drawing blood.(indwelling line)
venous stasis
stagnation or stoppage of the normal blood flow
arterialized
change venous blood into arterial blood