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20 Cards in this Set

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4 branches of support personel in the hospital
FISCAL- admissions, billing, medical records
SUPPORT- cleaning, dietary, maintenance
NURSING- provides direct care to patients
PROFESSIONAL- provides service at the request of a physician
CLINICAL LAB
analyzes samples from patients at the request of of physicians or other health care personnel
CYTOLOGY
processes and stain cells that are shed into body fluids or removed from tissue with a needle and examines them for the presence of cancer or other diseaseq
HISTOLOGY
prepares tissues from autopsy, surgery or biopsy for microscopic examination by a pathologist
CYTOGENETICS
examins chromosome for evidence of genetic disease
HEMATOLOGY
analyzes blood for evidence of disease affectining the blood forming tissues and the cells produced by those tissues
FLOW CYTOMETRY
special analytical technique that is used in hemtology, immunology, or anatomic pathology. It identifies cellular markers on the surface of WBC
COAGULATION
blood clotting
HEMOSTASIS
process by which the body stops blood from leaking out of a wound
ELECTROPHORESIS
this section sepatates chemical components of blood based on differences in electrical charge. often used to analyze hemoglobin, enzymes and other protiens
TOXICOLOGY
this section analyzes plasma for levels of drugs and poisons
MICROBIOLOGY
this section isolates and identifies pathogenic microorganisms in patient samples and is responsible for infection control
most common microbiology test is...
culture and sensitivity C&S- detects and identifies microorganisms to determine the right antibiotic therapy
2 main areas of the lab
anatomic and surgical pathology- analyzes the characteristics of cells and tissues
clinical pathology- analyzes blood and body fluids.
(CLIA '88) clinical lab improvment act of 1988 mandate
mandated the regulation of all facilities that perform patient testing.
JCAHO
joint commision of accreditation of healthcare organizations
chemistry test are performed on either...
serum or plasma. serum is collected in a tube without anticoagulants ( plain red top tube) or in a serum seperator tube (SST)
CENTRIFUGE
spins the sample at high speeds to seperate components based on density
plasma is collected with...
heparin or fluoride
REFERRALS DEPARTMENT
handles and ships specimens for any test not done by the lab