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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Allegory of the Cave: The true nature of education.
Turning the whole soul and its power of understanding away from the changing and toward what has lasting identity; being and goodness.
The River:
The changing of some things makes possible the continued existence of other things. Heraclitus wishes to maintain is not the identity of opposites but the fact that they replace each other in a series of transformations.
What are the two patterns of life?
1.) Harmony
2.) Dissonance
What are the three kinds of lives?
1.) Those who shop their wares for profit having a life of body, work, and gain.
2.) Those who compete for victory having a life of competition and struggle.
3.) Those who have a life of contemplation, mind, and detatchment (the "spectator").
What did Xenophanes talk about?
The oxen and horses theory.
What is demythologization?
To remove the mythological message and interpret allegorically. Take the view of the whole, learning by analogy. It’s literal clarity.
Problem of the Origin
Our thoughts may come from nothing. The chicken and the egg.
What are the three categories of good?
1.) Good for its own sake (joy).
2.) Good for its own sake and the consequences (good sense, health).
3.) Good that brings desired consequences, but in itsel is laborious (medicine, exercise).
If we accept the principle of sufficient reason, then we accept...
If something comes from nothing, then nothing it's nothing, for nothing comes from nothing.
What's the distinction made by Ion between divine inspiration and art?
Art is reflective and judges whereas divine inspiration is immediate and passionate.
What represents justice for Socrates in The Republic?
Justice is good in itself without consideration of what other things come from it.
Why is the tyrannical man the opposite of a just person?
Because the just person isn't a slave to forces in his soul whereas the tyrannical man is.
In the Apology, what was Socrates' wisdom?
He knew that he did not know the good, the just, and the true.
Why can bad people not harm good people?
Good people have virtuous souls that remain good when bad people act violently.