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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
epistomology
the nature of knowledge
metaphysics
nature of reality
philosophical archetype
original or influencial idea
logic
rules of correct reasoning
ethics
question of morality
a priori
knowledge prior to experience
a posteriori
knowledge from experience
empiricism
knowledge without the aid of sense
rationalism
reason alone gives you knowledge
skepticism
doubting assumption until proven; denial of possibilities
inductive reasoning
knowledge of reality comes from reason and content from senses
behaviorism
humans are programmed like machines
existentialism
we create our own essence through our freedom
pragmetism
each situation is unique; reality is testable
hedonism
pursuit of pleasure
multiverse
many forces of work
ontological arugument
nature of god; order and purpose
cosmological argument
cause and effect
design argument
order and purpose to prove God
predeterminism
supernatural power has predetermined our lives
pythagorist
numbers can explain everything
heraclitus
change is constant
sophist
impossible to find ultimate truth
scholasticism
midevil christian philosophy
the allegory of the cave
plato questions reality
socratise
father of philosophy
determinism
every event has a cause
reductionism
if you break down the parts you can explain the whole objective
objective methodology
try to explain or understand something with rational means
plato
wrote theories about philosophy
existential anguish
bitterness of dispair
locke
mind is a blank slate
discartes
rationalist
"i think, therefore i am"
original cogito, argo sum
realistic thinking
basic reality is a person or thinker
genuine option
free will when faced by genuine option
secondary qualities
substance that holds things together
matter
world exist independent of our perceptions
nietzsche
"god is dead"; life is cruel; new ideal is state
aristotle
the prime mover
camus
being and nothingness; life is indifferent
pluralism
know things from many perspectives
situational ethics
circumstances dictate ethical choice
pragmitism
reality is testable
correspondense theory of truth
truth is either true or false; truth is agreement between propostition and fact
coherence theory of truth
truth agrees with beliefs
utilitarianism
whats right is what benefits the most people
idealistic thinking
universe is purposeful and god is principal
scepticism
locke is sceptic
marcus aurelious
father of stoicism