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17 Cards in this Set

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What does valid mean?
In virtue of A's logical form, A's
conclusion must be true, if A's premises are all true.
What does sound mean?
(1) A is valid, and (2) all of A's
premises are true.
What is modus ponens?
1. If P then Q
2. P
3. Therefore Q
What is modus tollens?
1. If P, then Q
2. Not Q
3. Therefore not P
What is the fundamental project of the normative ethics of behavior?
The fundamental project of the normative ethics of behavior is
the attempt to discover, properly formulate, and defend a
criterion of moral rightness for act tokens.
What is an act type?
An act type is a repeatable kind of action; something that can be
performed by different people at different times and places
What is an act token?
An act token is morally right if and only if it is permissible,
OK, allowed, possible to do, "all right", acceptable from the
point of view of morality.
What is morally wrong?
D1. An act token, x, is morally wrong =df. it would not be
morally right to perform x.
What is morally obligatory?
D2. An act token, x, is morally obligatory =df. it would not be
morally right to fail to perform x.
What is a criterion?
D3. C is a criterion of morally right action =df. C is a
non-trivial, interesting statement of this form:

S: An act token, x, is morally right if and only
if _____x_____
What is 10C?
10C: An act token, x, is morally right if and only if x does not
violate any of the Ten Commandments.
What is GHP?
GHP: An act token, x, is morally right if and only if x leads to
the greatest happiness of the greatest number.
What is GR?
GR: An act token, x, is morally right if and only if in doing x,
the agent of x treats others as he/she would have others treat
himself/herself.
What is a society?
*D1. x is a society =df. x is a collection of people, living in
proximity to each other, sharing a language, religion, cuisine,
and culture.
What is a moral code?
D2. C is the moral code of society x at time t =df. C is the
system of moral rules that is accepted among the members of
society x at t.
What is Cultural Relativism?
CR: An act is morally right if and only if it is permitted by
the moral code of the society of its agent at the time of its
performance.
What is the divine command theory?
DC: An act-token, A, is morally right if and only if A can be performed
without violating any of God's commands.