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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a Sage
The sage is an archetypal figure who combines religious inspirational and extraordinary insight into the human condition
What is Tao?
Tao is “way” or “path”
What are yin and yang?
The two opposing but not separable forces of nature that continually interact. Yin represents the Earth (passive element) and Yang represents Heaven (active element). Yin is weak, negative, dark, and destructive; Yang is strong, positive, light, and constructive.
What is chung-yung
Chung-yung is the Golden Mean. Variously translated as the Mean, moderation, normality, and universal moral law.
What is te?
Virtue, potency, the power to affect others without using physical force. In this sense te is morally neutral.
What is te in relation to Tao?
The capacity to act according to Tao and to bring others to Tao. In that use, Tao and te cannot be separated.
What is li?
Li encompasses rites, customs, and conventions ranging from ritual sacrifices honoring one’s ancestors to everyday etiquette and good manners
Distinguish between the chun-tzu and the Hsiao-jen. What role do they play in Confucian philosophy?
The morally superior man is chun-tzu and the Hsiao-jen is small or vulgar man. They play counterparts in Confucian philosophy
What is jen?
Jen is a general human virtue, the humane principle rooted in empathy and fellow feeling.
What are the analects?
The analects are the writings of Confucius.
What is asceticism?
Asceticism is the turning away from pleasure and severely limiting all sensual appetites in order to achieve salvation or peace of mind.
What did Buddha teach concerning asceticism?
Buddha taught that ascetic self-denial can be of value as a temporary corrective for indulgences or as a momentary cleansing, but it was not an adequate way of life. To subdue the appetites to show strength and willpower is a way of showing off, which prevents one from growing wise.
Identify key elements in Buddha’s long search for enlightenment and explain their significance.
Buddha could not find his answer amongst men, nor by denying his body, only by seeking with true determination did he reach the stage of nirvana.
What is nirvana?
Nirvana is annihilation of the ego, a state of emptiness or “no-thing-ness.” It is described as a state of bliss because there is only “pure consciousness” with no sense of individuality, separateness, discrimination, or intellectualizing.
What is bodhisattva?
A boshisattva is an enlightened being who voluntarily postpones his own nirvana to help all other conscious life-forms find “supreme release”; not a savior.
What is the relationship between nirvana and becoming a bodhisattva?
The individual has the choice to remain in nirvana or awakening to help others attain nirvana. The bodhisattva no longer perceives separateness on any level. The bodhisattva no longer even perceives a separate self, a being, a person.
Did the Buddha establish a religion? Explain.
No, he established a way of life.
What is the Middle Way?
The Middle Way is walking a path that does not consist of indulgence or denial.
What are the Four Noble Truths and what is their place in Buddha’s teaching?
A. To exist is to suffer.
B. Self centeredness is the
chief cause of human
C. The cause of suffering can
be understood and rooted
D. Suffering can be alleviated
by following the Eightfold

These are the foundation of Buddha’s teaching.
What is the Eightfold Path? What is its relationship to the Four Noble Truths?
A. Right understanding
B. Right purpose
C. Right speech.
D. Right conduct.
E. Right livelihood.
F. Right effort.
G. Right mindfulness (or
H. Right meditation.

This is Buddha’s remedy for the Four Noble Truths.
What is significant about “what the Buddha did not explain”?
It left no questions of theology or complex philosophy to confuse and distract us from our search for wisdom. Buddha believed that we are best served by dealing with the here and now in helpful, uncomplicated ways rather than fretting and quibbling over unanswerable metaphysical claims and theological doctrines.
What is the lesson of “Three in the Morning”?
The actual number of nuts remained the same, but there was a difference owing to (subjective evaluations of) likes and dislikes. It also derives from this (principle of subjectivity). Wherefore the true sage brings all the contraries together and rests in the Natural Balance of Heaven. This is called (the principle of following) two courses (at once).