Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/63

Click to flip

63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who wrote a book @ the physical world, titled "Physics"
Aristotle
What is axiology
study of values
T or F
Every event in Socrates life was recorded
True
What is aesthetics about?
Beauty
Who said, "Wonder is the feeling of philosophy. And philosophy is rooted in wonder."
Plato
Which philosopher was obsessed with water thinking that it was the building block of everything?
Thales
What are the 4 basic elements?
EArth, wind, fire water
Who was obsessed with air as the archai?
Anaimenes
Name the 4 groups of the Pre-Socratics
1. Milesians
2. Illiadics
3. Pythagoreans
4. Sophists
List 2 Milesians
1. Thales
2. Anaximander
Who said "Philosophy is man's quest for the unity of knowledge."
Calverson
What is the term for how things began?
Cosmogony
What is the term for the study of what things are made of
cosmology
What are the two assumptions of the Pre-Socratics
1. There is a unity of the cosmos no matter the appearance.
2. Everything is made either from the same stuff or comes from the same source.
What is logos
word or logic
Presocratics said what about nature
Everthing comes from nature and not from the gods
What element did Thales observe 3 differnt forms of?
Water,
liquid, gas, solid(ice)
Who thought everything seeks a state of equilibrium?
Anaximander
Which Milesian made the connection between mathematics and the understanding of the universe?
Anaximenes
Who was the father of the philosophy of religion?
Xenophanes
Who thought that math was the essential building block of the universe?
Pythagoras
What philosopher did an experiment of observation using a stick to show that you cannot always believe what your eyes see?
Des Cartes
What belief did Parmenides, Des Cartes, and Plato share?
The key to existence is BEING
Nothing is absolutely nothing
Which philosopher said, "There is no "many", there is only one
Parmenides
Who said not to rely only the senses but to rely on reasoning?
Parmenides
Who was the student of Parmenides
Zeno
Explain Zeno's paradox or Paradox of Common Sense
@ Achilles running a mile
What school of thought as a pre-socratic was Xenophanes
Pythagoran
What did the Milesians look for?
The archai( arche) or the building blocks of the universe
Who saw a connection between what I do in my mind and what I observe in the universe?
Pythagoras
Who believed in a perfect world, and perfect justice and perfect morality?
Pythagoras
Who was the Illiadic philosopher who viewed the world through change?
Hericalitis
Who asked, "Is it possible to cross the same river twice?"
Hericalitis
Whose symbol was fire or flame?
Hericalitis, because fire changes everything including metal.
In chritianity, logos is the equal to
Christ
Who claimed to have driven into the heavens where a goddess spoke to him and had his knowledge revealed to him by a divine power?
Parmenides
Who was considered to be the first rational philosopher?
Parmenides
Who used a reduction to the absurdity?
Zeno
T or F
Reductio arguements are used in science today
True
Who said, "Trust your mind."
Plato
Which philosopher said that there was a dilectical struggle between love and strife?
Epedocles
Who said that history starts with God?
Hegle
Which philosopher notices order in the universe in the form of time?
Anaxagoras
Which 2 philosophers proposed the first atomic theory?
Democritis & Leucippicus
Who put Socrates on trial
Sophists
What is the good life, and who returned the philosophy back to humanity?
Sophists
Which philosophers were skeptics, subjectivists, and inialists
Sophists
Who said that everything is intropy?
Anaxamander
Who was Anaxamander at odds with?
Thales
Who always charged for their knowledge?
Sophists
True or False
The Greeks had cement
False.
What did Socrates always claim?
He knew nothing
What does non seclator mean
does not follow
What is necessary for Western civilization premises?
Belief in one God
What is the term for the study of values?
Axiology
List values that are immeasuragle:
Emotive values, sentimental values
What is the question of origin?
Cosmology
What is the Caluculus of Utilitarianism?
Sacrifice of one for the greater good of many Basis for communism
What is the building block towards philosophy?
Language
Who said Our knowledge of causeality is apart from reason and experience?
David Humes
Who said, "We know that hings exist in time and space apart from reason and experience."
Emmanual Cante
Who said, "You are born with intuition."
Emmanual Cante
What are the 4 great priniciples of Socrates?
1. The unexamined life is not worth living.
2. Valid principles of life are based on objective truths
3. Philosophers can provoke the truth by questioning
4. All wrongdoing is based on ignorance.