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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Morality
The standards that an individual or a group has about what is right or wrong or good or evil.
Ethics
The branch of Philosophy that tries to determine the right and good thing to do.
Value
Moral basis that shapes our thoughts, feelings, actions and perceptions.
Relativism
The view that human judgement is conditioned by factors such as acculturation and personal bias.
Consequentialist Theory
Morality is determined by by its non-moral consequences.
-Egoism
Non-Consequentialist Theory
Morality is determined by something more that just its consequences.
- Divine Command Theory
Egoism
We act morally when we act in a way that promotes our best long-term interests.
Act Utilitarianism
Action is moral if it produces the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people.
Rule Utilitarianism
We should act so that the rule governing our actions produces the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people.
Divine Command Theory
theory thats says we should always do the will of god.
Categorical Imperative
Theory that says to act as if the rule governing your action is a universal law; what is right for one, is right for all.
Ethical Absolutism
A view of a single correct and universally applicable moral standard.
Ethical Relativism
Views that denies the existence of a single universal moral standard.
James Rachels
Utilitarianist
Jeremy Bentham
Along with Mill, developed Utilitarianism, wrote Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation.
John Stuart Mill
Helped to develop Utilitarianism with Bentham.
Aquinas' Theory of Natural Law
Humanity can approach but not comprehend natural law.
According to Kant, nothing is good without qualification, except?
Nothing is good without qualification except a good will.
How should we act according to the categorical imperative?
Act as if everyone is did what you were doing, and what would happen if everyone did the opposite.
What does Nietzsche hold?
That god is dead and man has killed him with modern philosophies and beliefs.
Who announces the death of God?
The madman.
Master Morality assigns high value to?
Strength, Intelligence, Courage and Revenge.
Slave Morality assigns high value to?
sympathy, kindness, pity, patience, and humility.