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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
plato and poetry
1.philosophy, not poetry should be source of values
2.composed under inspiration not reason
3.=mimesis; imitation. removed @ 2 realities (art is imitation of imitation)
4.encourages emotions for performers and listeners
5.bad more ex b/c misrepresents nature of divinity
aristotle and poetry
1.represents life and action skill/art can be learned
3.mimesis of reality, but useful
4.arouses emotion which is beneficial
5.recognizing representations is an intellectual process
kants 3 branches of phiolosphy
1.natural science: empirical and formal. what does happen; universal laws that apply to nature
2.ethics: formal and empirical. what ought to happen, moral laws, before experience
3.logic: only formal. set of rules valid for all thinking
decisions made only by considering one's duties and the rights of others.
why kant not consequentialist
consequentialist=morally right action which produces good consequences

misses the point of good will; cant know everything
good will doesnt exempt you from consequences
first proposition of duty
Motive of duty

human action=morally good if done for sake of duty alone, not self-interest.
=the will that motivates the action
second proposition of duty
Formal principle of duty

action done from duty has its moral worth, not in consequences but in formal principle or maxim.
=doing one's duties, whatever duty may be
principle upon which we act
subjective v. objective principle
subjective: actions are performed
objective: how ought to act.

act upon objective principle and becomes a subjective principle
third proposition of duty
duty is necessity to act out of reverence for the law (=must follow moral values)
moral laws are autonomous.
self-imposed. give laws to yourself
is a presumption for question of what ought i do
controls rational action
if we want to assume reason has its own function--> produce a good will (not happiness)
first formulation of categorical imperative
only act in such way that could will the maxim of your actions to be a universal law.
better thing to do is what anyone would do
needs to be rational
second formulation of categorical imperative
act only in way that treat humans and self never as a means, but only as an end.
to treat as means, denying freedom of others and self
third formulation of categorical imperative
act in accordance with maxims that any member, in society like Kingdom of ends, would be the law