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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is government? Public policies?
Government is the institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies. Public policies are the things that the government decides to do.
What is the state?
A body of people, living in a defined teritory, organized politically, and having the power to make and enforce laws without having the consent of a higher authority.
Characteristics of the State
Territory
Sovereignty
Population
Government
The Four Origins of the State
The Force Theory
The Evolutionary Theory
The Divine Rights Theory
The Social Contract Theory
The Force Theory
A person or group of people take control of an area and its people by way of force (military).
Assimilation
The idea that the conquerers would take the conquered and make them part of their culture.
The Evolutionary Theory
States developed out of the basic family unit. Extended family units would then develop as would a head of the family. Family networks would then be created and the head of the family would evolve into the head of state.
The Divine Rights Theory
God is responsible for the creation of the state and God gives certain individuals or groups the "right" to rule.
Theocracy
The style of government in which the person in charge is a religious leader.

Ex: The Mullins control Iran
The Social Contract Theory
(Based on the philosophical teachings of Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau, and Harrington in the 1600's and 1700's)
This theory functions in the idea that along with freewill comes the reality of the necessity to survive which can sometimes become brutal and violent. The Social Contract Theory proposes that people give up their aggresive nature (power) to the state in exchange for the state's services to the people.