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248 Cards in this Set

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Three Objectives of First Aid
Prevent futher injury
Reduce chance of Infection
The Loss of Life
Four Methods of Controlling Bleeding
Direct Pressure
Elevation
Pressure Point
Tourniquet (Last Resort)
What is a Pressure Point
A point on the body where a main artery lies near the skin surface and over a bone
Example of Pressure Point
Temple
Jaw
Neck
Collar Bone
Wrist
Ankle
Three Classifications of burns
First - Redness, mild pain

Second - red, blistered skin, severe pain

Third - destroys tissue, skin, and bone. pain may be absent due to destroyed nerve endings
Two Types of Fractures
Open/Compund - Broken skin with Bone Prutruding

Closed/Simple - Broken Bone, no skin Break
Define Electric Shock
When a person comes in contact with an electrical energy source shock occurs
Risk With Electric shock
Cardiac Arrest
Signs of Obstructed Airways
Inability to Talk
pointing to throat
skin turning Bluish color
Two types of Heat Related Injuries
Heat Exhaustion
Heat Stroke
Signs of Heat Exhaustion
Skin Cool, Moist, Clammy
Pupils Dilated
Sweating Profusely
Signs Of Heat Stroke
Hot/Dry Skin
Uneven Dilated Pupils
No Sweat
Weak/Rapid Pulse
3 types of Cold Related Injuries
Hypothermia
Superficial Frostbite
Deep Frostbite
Hypothermia
General cooling of the whole body from exposure of falling temperture, cold moisture, snow or ice
Signs of Hypotermia
Breathing is slow/shallow
Pulse Faint
victim appears Pale almost Unconscious
Arms and legs may be stiff
Superficial Frostbite
Ice Crystals are forming in the Upper skin layers after exposure to 32 degrees or lower
Deep Frostbite
Ice Crystals are forming in the Deeper Tissues after exposures to 32 degrees or lower
5 Types of Shock
Septic
Anaphylactic
Cardiogeneic
Hypovolemic
Neurogenic
What is Septic Shock
Bacteria multiplying in the Blood and Releasing Toxins
What is Anaphylatic Shock
Severe HyperSensitivity or Allergic Reactions
What is Cardiogenic Shock
Heart is damaged and unable to supply sufficient blood to the body
What is Hypovolemic Shock
Severe Blood and Fluid Loss
What is Neurogenic Shock
Caused by a spinal cord injury
Steps of CPR
Circulation
Airway
Breathing
Steps of the Survival Chain
Activation of CPR
Chest Compressions
AED
Rapod Defibrilation
EMT's
Post Cardiac Care
What Does ORM Stand For
Operational Risk Management
What is ORM
A tool used to make informed decisions on how to identify and manage Hazards
5 Steps of ORM
Identify Hazards
Assess Hazards
Make Risk Decisions
Implement Controls
Supervise
3 classes of Mishaps
Class A
Class B
Class C
What is a Class A Mishap
Total Cost in property damage is $2,000,000 or More; Or a Operational injury resulting in Permanant Disability or a Fatality
What is a Class B Mishap
Total cost in damage is $500,000 or more, But Less than $2,000,000; or an injury with partial permanant disability; 3 or more personnel are hospitalized
What is a Class C Mishap
Total cost of Damage is $50,000 or more, but less than $500,000; or an injury which results in 5 or more lost workdays beyond the date of injury
What Does PPE stand For
Personal Protective Equipment
Types of PPE
Cranials
Goggles
Hearing Protection
Impact Protection
Gloves
Foot Protection
What is Chemical Warfare
The Employment of Chemical Agents that are intended to kill, serius injure, or incapacitate personnel
What are the 4 types of Chemical Warfare
Nerve Agents
Blister Agents
Blood Agents
Choking Agents
What are Nerve Agents
Liquid Agents
Disrupt Nerve Impulses to the Body
What are Blister Agents
Liquid or Solid Agents
Inflammation, Blisters, and the General Destruction of Tissues
What are Blood Agents
Gaseous Agents
Agent Attacks the Enzymes carrying Oxygen in the Blood Stream.
What Are Choking Agents
Gaseous or Liquid Agents
The Lungs Become Filled with Fluid, making the victim feel as if they are Drowning.
What Does the M9 Chemical Agent Detector Paper Do
Detects the Presence of Liquid Chemical Agents by turning a red or reddish color
How is the Atropine/2-PAM-Chlorde Auto Injector Used
A Specific therapy for nerve agent casaualities, they are issued for intramuscular injection
What is Biological Warfare
The use of Agents to cause Disease, Sickness, or Death to Reduce the Effectiveness of opposing force
The 2 Types of Biological Warfare
Pathogens
Toxins
Types of Pathogens
Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi
Types of Toxins
Algal Toxins
Animal Venoms
Plant Toxins
What is IPE
Individual Protective Equipment
Types of IPE for Chemical and Biological Warfare
Protcetive Mask MCU-2P
Advanced Chemical Protective Garment
Chemical Gloves and Liners
Chemical Overboots and Laces
Skin Decotamination Kit
What is Radiological Warfare
The Deliberate use of Radiological weapons to produce widespread injury and Death of all life
What are the 5 Types of Radiological Warfare
High Altitude Air Burst
Air Burst
Surface Burst
Shallow Underwater Burst
Deep Underwater Burst
Describe High Altitude Air Burst
Occurs at Altitudes of 100,000 feet or more with EMP
Describe Air Burst
A Vacuum is created and collects debris from blast damage resulting in radation fallout
Describe Surface Burst
Worst Fallout Due to fireball touching the Surface which results in Massive Radioactive Fallout
Describe Shallow Underwater Burst
Creates Large Waves and water contamination
Describe Deep Underwater Burst
less Visual Effect than Shallow, however yields greater contaminated water
What are the 2 type of Shipboard Shielding Stations
Ready Shelter
Deep Shelter
What is the DT-60 dosimeter
A Non Self reading high range casualty dosimeter, which detects the total amount of gamma radiation
0-600 Roentgens
What Does MOPP stand for
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
What is the Fire Triangle
Heat
Fuel
Oxygen
What is the Fire Tetrahedron
Oxygen
Fuel
Temperature
Chain reaction of Combustion
What are the 4 classes of Fires
Alpha
Bravo
Charlie
Delta
What is a Class Alpha Fire
A Fire that Produces Ash such as wood, cloth, and paper.
What is an Effective Way to Extinguish Class Alpha Fires
H2O(Water)
Aqueous Film Forming Foam
Halon 1211
What is a Class Bravo Fire
Flammable Liquids such as Gasoline, Jet fuels, and oils
What is an Effective Way to Extinguish Class Bravo Fires
AFFF
Halon 1211
Purple K Powder (PKP)
Cardon Dioxide (CO2)
What is a Class Charlie Fire
Energized Electrical Fires
What is an Effective Way to Extinguish Class Charlie Fires
CO2
Halon 1211
PKP
What is a Class Delta Fire
Combustible Materials such as Magnesium and Titanium
What is an Effective Way to Extinguish Class Delta Fires
H2O in Large Quantites in a High Velocity Fog
Apply From Behind shelter or from a Safe Distance
Proper Safety Equipment for the Flight Line (Boat)
Flight Deck Boots
Cranial
Eye Goggles
Leather Gloves
What is a Runway
Paved Area that is used for aircraft takeoff and landing
What are Threshold Markings
Parallel stripes on the Ends of Runways. the stripes are 12 feet by 150 fee long and designate the landing area
What is the Overrun Area
Paved or Unpaved section at the end of the runwaysto provide a reasonable deceleration area
What does the MA-1 Series Overrun Barrier Do
Designed to stop tricycle landing gear for aircraft not equipped with tailhooks
What are Taxiways
Paved areas for aircraft to move between parking apronsand airfield services
What is the Parking Apron
Open Paved areas Adjacent to hangars, fuels, and services
What is the Compass Rose
A paved area in a magnetically quiet area where the aircraft compass is calibrated
How does the Runway Numbering System Work
They are numbered in relation to their Magnetic Heading.
EX. Runway 24 is 240 degree
What is the Airfield Rotating Beacon
Identifies the Airports location. It rotates clockwise and use 2 white lights and 1 green light flashing 12 to 15 times per minute
Who Are Yellow Jerseys
Aircraft Handiling Officer
Flight Deck Officer
Catapult Officer
Air Bos'N
Plane Directors
Who Are White Jerseys
Safety
Air Transport Officer
Landing Signals Officer
Final Checkers
Medical
Who Are Brown Jerseys
Plane Captains
Who Are Blue Jerseys
Aircraft Handiling and Chock Crewman
Elevator Operators
Who Are Green Jerseys
Catapult and Arresting gear Personnel
Troubleshooters
Photographers
Who Are Red Jerseys
Crash and Salvage
Ordnance Handeling Personnel
Who Are Purple Jerseys
Fuel Crew
Deck Edge PKP Idetification
Wheel Coamings
12 inch wide red stripe
3 inch high PKP
NO Coamings
18 inch diameter circle
5 inch high red PKP
Deck Edge Saltwater Identification
Wheel Coamings
18 inch wide Red stripe
3 inch high Yellow W
NO Coamings
18 inch per side Red Triangle
Yellow W
Deck Edge CO2 Bottle Stowage
Wheel Coamings
12 inch wide Red Stripe
3 inch high CO2
NO Coamings
18 inch Diamater White Circle
5 inch high Red CO2
Deck Edge AFFF Station
Wheel Coamings
18 inch wide Green Stripe
3 inch high white AFFF
NO Coamings
18 inch Green Square
3 inch high White AFFF
What is a Bomb Jettison Ramp
Ramps Designated to eliminate loose Ordnance.
How Do you Identify a Bomb Jettison ramp
A Yellow Stripe at the Deck Edge
Marked with alternating 4 inch wide Red and Yellow Stripes with a 12 Inch Black facsimile of a bomb centered
How Do You Identify Steam Smothering
18 inch Black Stripe
3 inch White STEAM in the Center of the Stripe
Name some Danger Areas for Naval Aviation
Intakes
Exhaust
Flight Controls
Compressed Gases
Cryogenics
Explosives
Hearing
Eyes
Why Do We Ground Aircraft
It Discharges the Static electricity harmlessly t the earth or deck
Why is it important to ground a Windshield
because during flight a high voltage (100,000 Volts) static charge may build up and be stored in the Windshield
Initial Tie Down
Upto 45 Knots
6 Chains
Normal Tie Down
Upto 45 Knots
9 chains
Moderate Tie Down
46 to 60 Knots
14 Chains
Heavy Weather Tie Down
Above 60 Knots
20 Chains
What is the Maximum Towing Speed of an Aircraft
5 MPH or the speed of the slowest walker
What Does FPCONs Stand for
Force Protection Conditions
What are the 5 FPCONs Levels
Normal
Alpha
Bravo
Charlie
Delta
What are FPCONs
A Series of Measures designed to increase the level of a units defense against terrorist attacks
FPCON Normal
A general global threat of possible terrorist activity exists
FPCON Alpha
An increased general threat of possible terrorist activity.
FPCON Bravo
An increased or more predictible threat of terrorist activity exists.
FPCON Charlie
An incident Occurs or intel is recieved indicating some form of terrorists action
FPCON Delta
Immediate area where a terrorist attack has occured or when intel is received that terrorist action is imminent
What does DEFCON stand for
Defensive Readiness Condition
What Are the 5 DEFCON Levels
5
4
3
2
1
What is a DEFCON
An Alert posture used by the United States Armed Forces
DEFCON 5
Normal peacetime readiness
DEFCON 4
Normal, increased intel and Strengthened security
DEFCON 3
Increase in force readiness above Normal
DEFCON 2
Further increase in force readiness, but less than Maximum
DEFCON 1
MAX force readiness
What is the Objective of the NAMP
To Acheive and Continually improve material readiness and Safety Standards
Who Establishes the NAMP
CNO
What does MO stand for
Maintenance Officer
What Does the MO Do
Head of the Maintenance Department
Responsible to the CO for the accomplishment of the departments mission
What Does AMO stand for
Aircraft Maintenance Officer
What does the AMO Do
Assistant Head of the Maintenance Department
Coordinates TAD Personnel
Manages SE training
What does MMCO stand for
Maintenance/Material Control Officer
What does the MMCO Do
Coordinates and monitors the department workload.
liason for the supply department
responsible for the MMP
What Does MMCPO stand for
Maintnenace Master Cheif Petty Officer
What does the MMCPO do
Senor Enlisted Advisor for the maintenance department
Reports to the MO, Advises the CO in all matters affecting aircraft operations
What Does QAO stand for
Quality Assurance Officer
What does the QAO do
Ensures QA personnel recieve continuous training in inspecting, testing, and quality control methods
What does MCO stand for
Material Control Officer
What Does the MCO do
Supply Corps Officer
Handeling Finances
Material Requistions
What are the 3 levels of maintenance
O-Level (Organizational)
I- Level (Intermidiate)
D- Level (Depot)
What doesO-Level Do
Maintenance which is performed by an operating unit on a day by day basis in support of its own operations
What does I-Level Do
to enhance and sustain the combat readiness and mission capability of supported activities by proving material support
What does D-Level Do
Performed at FRC sites to ensure continued flying integrity of airframes and flight systems. Also is Meant for Major Overhaul or rebuilding of parts
What are the 2 types of Maintenance
Rework
Upkeep
What is Upkeep
Preventive Work
What is Rework
Restorative Work
Types of Upkeep
Daily
Turnaround
Special
Conditional
Phase
Acceptance
Transfer
Types of Rework
Performed at D-Level
Reliablilty Centered Maintenance (RCM)
Maintenance Control is
O-Level
Production Control is
I-Level
The Two Most Critical Aspects of Naval Aviation
Release of an aircraft safe for Flight
The Acceptance of the Aircraft
What is the pupose of the MMP
To provide scheduled control of the predictable maintenance workload.
When does the MMP come out
25th of every month at O-Level
1st of every month at I-Level
What is Contained in the Aircraft Logbook
a record of Equipment, Inspections, Scheduled removal items, and Installed Equipment
What does QA stand for
Quality Assurance
What does QA Do
Prevention of the occurrence of Defects
What are the Programs Managed By QA
CTPL
Audits
Safety
SE Misuse/ Abuse
ACSP
NAMDRP
What Does CTPL stand for
Central Technical Publication Library
What Does ACSP stand for
Aircraft Confined Space Program
What Does NAMDRP stand for
Naval Aviation Maintenance Reporting Program
When was the NATOPS established
1961
When was the NAMP established
1959
Why was the NATOPS established
as a positive approach towards improving combat readiness and acheiving a substantial reduction in Naval aircraft mishaps
What is the NATOPS Designed for
To Reduce Mishaps in Naval Aviation
Name Some terms and or Phrases we use in Naval Aviation speech
Warning
Caution
Note
Shall
Should
May
Will
Warning
An Operating Procedure if not followed may result in injury or death if not carefully observed
Caution
An Operating Procedure if not followed may result in damage to equipment if not carefully observed
Note
An Operating Procedure that must me Emphasized
Shall
Means a procedure is mandatory
Should
Means a procedure is Recommended
May or Need Not
The Procedure is Optional
Will
Indicates Futurity and never indicates any degree of requirement for application of a procedure
What is a Visual Identification System for Naval Aircraft
it Provides for the Assignment of aircraft markings and side numbers that identify aircraft of one unit from those of another
Who Assigns Visual Identification for Naval Aircraft
CNO
Visual ID for COMNAVAIRLANT
First character "A-M"
Second character "A-Z"
Visual ID for COMNAVAIRPAC
First character "N-Z"
Second character "A-Z"
Visual ID for CNATRA
First character "A-G"
NO Second character
What Happened on 14 November 1910
First Take-Off from a ship
What Boat did Eugene Ely fly off of on 14 November 1910
USS Birmingham (CL 2)
What is the Birthday of Naval Aviation
8 May 1911
Who was the first Fatality in Naval Aviation
Ensign William D. Billingsley
What was the Navys first Carrier
USS Langley (CV-1)
When Did the Navy get the USS Langley
20 March 1922
What was the Navy's First Jet
FJ-1 Fury
When did the FJ-1 Fury Make its first Carrier Landing
10 March 1948
What was the First aircraft carrier the FJ-1 Fury landed on
USS Boxer (CV 21)
When was the battle of Coral Sea
7-8 May 1942
What was the Significance of the battle of Coral Sea
It was the first Carrier to Carrier battle
When was the Battle of Midway
3-5 June 1942
What was the Importance of Midway
It was the turning point of the Pacific War
When Did US Marines secure Guadalcanal
13-15 November 1942
What Ship was the 5 Sullivan Brothers on during Guadalcanal
USS Juneau
What is Motion
Movement
What are 3 types of motion
Acceleration
Speed
Velocity
What Is Acceleration
The rate of change of the Speed
What is Speed
The Rate of movement in terms of distance
What is Velocity
The Quickness or speed of an object in a gien time and diection
What is Newtons First Law
Inertia
What is Newtons Second Law
Force
What is Newtons Third Law
Action and Reaction
What is Bernoullis Principle
it states that when fluid flowing through a tube reaches a constriction or narrowing of the tube, the speed o the fluid passing through the Constriction is increased and its pressure decreased
What is Lift
The force that act, in an upward direction, to support the aircraft in the air.
What is Weight
The force of Gravity acting downward on the aircraft
What is Drag
the Force that holds the Aircraft back.
What is Thrust
The Force Developed from the Aircrafts engine, in a Foward Direction
What are the 3 Aircraft Axis
Longitudinal
Lateral
Vertical
Longitudinal Axis
Nose to Tail
Lateral Axis
Parallel to the Wings
Verical Axis
Top to the Bottom of the Aircraft
On Fixed Wing Aircraft: Roll
Ailerons (longitudinal)
On Fixed Wing Aircraft: Pitch
Elevators (Lateral)
On Fixed Wing Aircraft: Yaw
Rudder (Vertical)
On Rotary Wing Aircraft: The Cyclic Stick
Roll and Pitch. It tilts the plane of the rotor blades foward,aft, or sideways. giving the helo Directional Movement
On Rotary Wing Aircraft: The Tail Rotor
Yaw. It Counter Acts the torque of the main rotor by increasing or decreasing the amount of horizontal thrust the Tail rotor produces.
What are Flaps
Creates Extra lift by lengthening the top section of the wing resulting in MAX lift
What is a Spoiler
Used to Decrease or Spoil wing lift by destroying the smooth flow of air over the wing surfaces for a more Predictable landing Glidescope
What are Speed Brakes
Hinged or Moveable control surfaces used for reducing the speed of the aircraft
What are Slats
Moveable control surfaces attached to the leading edge of the wing .
How is Lift Created on a Helicopter
By Collectively increasing the angle of attack or pitch of the rotor blades.
Define Angle of Attack (AOA)
The angle between the chord line of the wing and the Relative wind
What is Auto Rotation
A method of allowing the Helicopter to land safely from altitude without using engine power. It helps Cushion the Landing.
What are the 5 Basic Components of a Hydraulic system
Resevoir
Pump
Tubing
Selector Valve
Actuating unit
What are the 5 main Landing Gear components
Shock Strut Assembly
Tires
Wheel Brake Assembly
Reacting and Extending
Side Struts and Supports
What Does NALCOMIS stand for
Naval Aviation Logistics Command Management Information System
What Does NALCOMIS provide
The capability to manage maintenance and supply functions and processes by allowing system users to Enter, Collect, Process, Store, review and report information required by the organization
What does OOMA stand for
Optimized Organizational Maintenance Activity
What Does OIMA stand for
Optimized Intermidiate Maintenance Activity
What is a JCN
A 9 character alphanumeric code that is the basis for data collection
What is a WUC
Work Unit Code. a numeric or alphanumeric code that identifies the system or subsystem of the malfunction
What are the 6 Core Capabilities of Naval Aviation
Foward Presence
Deterremce
Sea Control
Power Projection
Maritime Security
Humanitarian Assistance
HSC
Helicopter Sea Combat
HSM
Helicopter Maritime Strike
HT
Helicopter Training
VAQ
Tactical Electronic Warfare
VAW
Carrier Airborne Early Warning
VC
Fleet Composite
VFA
Strike Fighter/ Attack
VP
Patrol
VQ
Fleet Air Reconnaissance
VR
Aircraft Logistics Support
VRC
Carrier Logistics Support
VT
Training
VX/VXE
Air Test and Evaluation
What does HAZMAT stand for
Hazardous Material
Define HAZMAT
any material that, because of its quantity, concentration, or physical or chemical characteristics, may pose a substantial hazard to human health or the environment when realeased or accidentally spilled
What does MSDS stand for
Material Safety Data Sheet
What are the 6 Categories of HAZMAT
Flammable
Aerosol
Toxic
Corrosive
Oxidizing
Compressed
What is an Authorized Use List (AUL)
A current inventory of HAZMAT, chemical substances, or components known or suspected to contain HAZMAT used for local acquistion and use
The General steps of spill response are:
Discovery
Notification
Initiation of Action
Evaluation
Containment
Damage Control
Dispersion of Gases
Cleanup and Decontamintion
Disposal
Certification fro Re-Entry
Follow Up Reports
How many types of hangers are used in Naval Aviation
3
Type I
Type II
Type III
What is a Type I Hangar Used For
Carrier Aircraft
What is a Type II Hangar Used For
Marine Corps Aviation
What is a Type III Hangar Used For
Land Based Patrol Aircraft and Large Transport Aircraft
How Big are CVN Hangars
110 ft. Wide
685 ft. Long
25 ft. Overhead Clearance
It Can Hold 60 Aircraft
How Fast can The Hangar Bay Sections Be closed in
Approximetly 18 Seconds and it will seperate into 3 sections
Where are the Hangar Bay Doors Located
Hangar bay 1 STBD
Hangar bay 2 STBD
Hangar bay 3 PORT & STBD