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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
occurs when one antiinfective agent's effect is diminished by the addition of another chemical (opposite of synergism)
anatagonism
substances that suppress or destroy infective organisms
antiinfectives
substances that suppress or destroy bacteria
antibacterials
substances produced by microorganisms that suppress, destroy or alter action of organisms ( It's an antiinfective agent, Not all antiinfectives are antiboitic
antibiotics
substances that suppress or destroy microorganisms
antimicrobials
substances that suppress or destroy fungal organisms
antifungals
substances that suppress or destroy viruses
antiviral
substances that actually destroy bacteria (irreversible)
bactericidals
substances that only retard the growth of bacteria (reversible)
bacteriostatics
direct or indirect invasion by a microbes; not synonymous with disease
infection
natural or acquired ability of a microrganism to withstand an antiinfective agent
resistance
narrow, medium or broad range of activity of an antiinfective against a groups of microorganisms
spectrum
occurs when one antiinfective agent's effect is diminished by the addition of another chemical (opposite of synergism)
anatagonism
the growth of a group of microorganisms different from the original infective agents
superinfection
substances that suppress or destroy infective organisms
antiinfectives
the ability of two or more antiinfectives to increase efficacy of either or both (opposite of antagonism)
synergism
substances that suppress or destroy bacteria
antibacterials
substances produced by microorganisms that suppress, destroy or alter action of organisms ( It's an antiinfective agent, Not all antiinfectives are antiboitic
antibiotics
*prophlaytic premedication
*localized dental infection or cellulitis
* periodontal disease
Antiinfective uses in dentistry
substances that suppress or destroy microorganisms
antimicrobials
substances that suppress or destroy fungal organisms
antifungals
substances that suppress or destroy viruses
antiviral
substances that actually destroy bacteria (irreversible)
bactericidals
substances that only retard the growth of bacteria (reversible)
bacteriostatics
direct or indirect invasion by a microbes; not synonymous with disease
infection
natural or acquired ability of a microrganism to withstand an antiinfective agent
resistance
narrow, medium or broad range of activity of an antiinfective against a groups of microorganisms
spectrum
the growth of a group of microorganisms different from the original infective agents
superinfection
the ability of two or more antiinfectives to increase efficacy of either or both (opposite of antagonism)
synergism
*prophlaytic premedication
*localized dental infection or cellulitis
* periodontal disease
Antiinfective uses in dentistry