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30 Cards in this Set

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Atenolol
Tenormin (B1)

50-100mg

Could cause: Bradycardia, ED, insomnia, heart palpitation, dizziness
Metoprolol
Lopressor (B1)

25-100mg

Could cause: Bradycardia, ED, insomnia, heart palpitation, dizziness
Bisoprolol
Zebeta (B1)

2.5-10mg

Could cause: Bradycardia, ED, insomnia, heart palpitation, dizziness
Clonidine
Catapres (a2 agonist)

Tablet: 0.1-0.8mg
Patch: 0.1-0.3mg

Could cause: orthostatic hypotension, drowsiness, dizziness
HCTZ
HydroDIURIL (DCT diuretic)

12-25mg

Compete for the Cl binding site and thus inhibit the Na, Cl symporter causing increased excretion of Na, Cl, H2O and K

This symporter is responsible for ~ 5% of Na reabsorption
Furosemide
Lasix (Loop Diuretic)

20-80mg/day

Compete for the Cl binding site of the Na, K, 2Cl symporter causing increased excretion of Na, Cl, H2O, K, Ca, Mg

This symporter is responsible for ~ 25% of Na reabsorption

THESE AGENTS ARE NOT TO BE USED FOR THE TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION ALONE!
Amiloride
Midamor (K sparing diuretic)

5-10mg/day

Block Na channels in the late distal tubule and collecting duct
Triamterene
Dyrenium (K sparing diuretic)

50-100mg/day

Block Na channels in the late distal tubule and collecting duct
Spironolactone
Aldactone (K sparing diuretic)

25-50mg/day

Aldosterone inhibitors bind the mineralocorticoid receptor in the late distal tubule and collecting duct

Net result is blockade of Na movement from luminal to interstitial space through Na channels and pumps
Captopril
Capoten (ACEI)

25-100mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, cough, dizziness
Lisinopril
Prinivil,Zestril (ACEI)

10-40mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, cough, dizziness
Ramipril
Altace (ACEI)

2.5-20mg/dat

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, cough, dizziness
Trandolapril
Mavik (ACEI)

1-4mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, cough, dizziness
Enalapril
Vasotec (ACEI)

5-20mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, cough, dizziness
Quinapril
Accupril (ACEI)

10-40mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, cough, dizziness
Perindopril
Aceon (ACEI)

4-8mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, cough, dizziness
Fosinopril
Monopril (ACEI)

10-40mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, cough, dizziness
Benazepril
Lotensin (ACEI)

10-40mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, cough, dizziness
Losartan
Cozaar (ARB)

25-100mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, dizziness
Olmesartan
Benicar (ARB)

20-40mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, dizziness
Candesartan
Atacand (ARB)

8-32mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, dizziness
Valsartan
Diovan (ARB)

80-320mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, dizziness
Irbesartan
Avapro (ARB)

150-300mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, dizziness
Telmisartan
Micardis (ARB)

20-80mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, dizziness
Eprosartan
Tevetan (ARB)

400-800mg/day

Could cause: Hyperkalemia, transient SCr increase, renal insufficiency, dizziness
Aliskerin
Tekturna (Direct Renin Inhibitor)

150-300mg/day

Inhibits the conversion of angiotensinogen to angiotensin I via direct renin inhibition

Could cause: Diarrhea, cough, dizziness
Amlodipine
Norvasc (Dihydropyridine CCB)

5-10mg/day

In general, more selective for vascular smooth muscle

Could cause: Edema, HA
Felodipine
Plendil (Dihydropyridine CCB)

5-10mg/day

In general, more selective for vascular smooth muscle

Could cause: HA, dizziness
Diltiazem
Cardizem (Non-Dihydropyridine CCB)

120-540mg/day

Less selectivity for vascular smooth muscle (relatively equal affinity for cardiac and vascular calcium channels) (edema caused by vasodilation)

More likely to have a depressant effect on the heart

Could cause: Hypotension, bradycardia
Verapamil
Calan,Isoptin (Non-Dihydropyridine CCB)

80-480mg/day

Less selectivity for vascular smooth muscle (relatively equal affinity for cardiac and vascular calcium channels) (edema caused by vasodilation)

More likely to have a depressant effect on the heart

Could cause: Hypotension, constipation, edema