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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Brand names for dextromethorphan are?
Robitussin Maximum Strength
Cough Suppressant
Sucrets Cough Control Formula
Vicks Formula 44 Pediatric
Formula
Therapeutic classification for dextromethorphan?
allergy
cold
cough
antitussives
Indication for dextromethorphan?
symptomatic relief of coughs
caused by?
minor viral upper respiratory
tract infections or inhaled
irritants
Indication for dextromethorphan?
Most effective for chronic _____ ______?
nonproductive cough
Indication for dextromethorphan?
a common ingredient in nonprescription?
cough and cold preparations
MOA for dextromethorphan?
Suppresses cough reflex by a direct effect on the cough center in the?
medulla...related to opioids structurally but has no analgesic properties
Therapeutic effects of dextromethorphan are?
relief of irritating nonproductive cough
Assess for what?
frequency and nature of cough
lung sounds
amount and type of sputum
produced
unless contraindicated,
maintain fluid intake of
1500-2000 ml to decrease
viscosity of bronchial
secretions
Dextromethorphan 15-30 mg is equivalent in?
cough suppression to codeine 8-15 mg
For PO administration, don't give fluids immediately after administering to prevent?
dilution of vehicle...shake oral suspension well before administration
Instruct patient to cough effectively...sit upright and take several?
deep breaths before attemmpting to cough
Advise patient to minimize cough by avoiding irritants, such as?
cigarette smoke
fumes
dust
To decrease frequency of dry, irritating cough, patient can?
humidify air
take frequent sips of water
sugarless hard candy
May cause dizziness...avoid?
driving
Advise patient that any cough lasting over ___ ____ or accompanied by fever, chest pain, persistent headache, or skin rash warrants medical treatment.
1 week
Effectiveness of therapy can be demonstrated by?
decrease in frequency and intensity of cough without
eliminating patient's cough reflex