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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
addiction
Physical and psychological dependence on and craving for a drug
additive action
Drug action in which the combo. of two similar drugs is equal to the sum of the effects of each
aerosol
Particles of drug suspended in air
anaphylaxis
Exaggerated hypersensitivity reaction to a drug or foreign organism
antagonistic action
Combination of 2 drugs gives less than an additive effect
antidote
Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug
brand name
Commercial name for a drug; trademark
chemical name
Chemical formula for a drug
contraindications
Factors in the patient's condition that prevent the use of a particular drug or treatment
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Governmental agency having the legal responsibility for enforcing proper drug manufacture and clinical usage
generic name
Legal noncommercial name for a drug
iatrogenic
Condition caused by treatment (drugs or procedures) given by medical personnel
idiosyncrasy
Unexpected effect produced in a particularly sensitive individual but not seen in most patients
inhalation
Administration of drugs in gaseous or vapor form through the nose or mouth
medicinal chemistry
Study of new drug synthesis; relationship between chemical structure and biological effects
molecular pharmacology
Study of interaction of drugs and subcellular entities such as DNA, RNA and enzymes
oral administration
Drugs given by mouth
parenteral administration
Drugs are given by injection into the skin, muscles, or veins. (any route other than digestive tract)
pharmacist
prepares and dispenses drugs
pharmacy
Location for preparing and dispensing drugs; also the study of preparing and dispensing drugs
pharmacodynamics
Study of the effects of a drug within the body
pharmacokinetics
Calculation of drug concentration in tissues and blood over a period of time
pharmacologist
Specialist in the properties, uses and actions of drugs
pharmacology
Study of the preparation, properties, uses and actions of drugs
Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR)
Reference book that lists drug products
receptor
Target substance with which a drug interacts in the body
rectal administration
Drugs are inserted through the anus into the rectum
side effect
Toxic effect that routinely results from the use of a drug
sublingual administration
Drugs are given by placement under the tongue
synergism
Combo. of 2 drugs causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone
syringe
Instrument(tube) for introducing or withdrawing fluids from the body
tolerance
Larger and larger drug doses must be given to achieve the desired effect. The patient becomes resistant to the action of a drug as treatment progresses
topical application
Drugs are applied locally on the skin or muscous membranes of the body; ointments, creams, and lotions are applied topically
toxicity
Harmful effects of a drug
transport
Movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body celles
United States Pharmacopeia (U.S.P.)
Authoritative list of drugs, formulas, and preparations that sets a standard for drug manufacturing and dispensing
vitamin
Substance found in foods and essential in small quantites for growth and good health
addiction
physical and psychological dependence on and craving for a drug
additive action
Drug action in which the combo of 2 similar drugs is equal to the sum of the effects of each
aerosol
particles of drug suspended in air
anaphylaxis
exaggerated hypersensitivity reaction to a drug or foreign organism
antagonistic action
combo. of 2 drugs gives less than an additive effect
antidote
agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug
brand name
commercial name for a drug
chemical name
chemical formula for a drug
contraindications
factors in the patients condition that prevent the use of a particular drug or treatment
FDA
Food and Drug Administration--have the legal responsibility for enforcing proper drug manufacture and clinical use
generic name
legal noncommercial name for a drug
iatrogenic
condition caused by treatment given by medical personnel
idiosyncrasy
unexpected effect produced in a particularly sensitive individual but not seen in most patients
inhalation
administration of drugs in gaseous or vapr form through the nose or mouth
medicinal chemistry
study of new drug synthesis; relationship between chemical structure and biological effects
molecular pharmacology
study of interaction of drugs and subcellular entities such as DNA, RNA and enzymes
oral administration
drugs given by mouth
parenteral administration
drugs given by injection--subcutaneous, intradermal, intramuscular, intravenous, intrathecal and intracavitary injections
pharmacist
prepares and dispenses drugs
pharmacy
location for preparing and dispensing drugs
pharmacodynamics
study of the effects of a drug within the body
pharmacokinetics
calculation of drug concentration in tissues and blood over a period of time
pharmacologist
specialist in the properties, uses and actions of drugs
pharmacology
study of the preparation, properties, uses and actions of drugs
PDR
Physicians' Desk Reference---Reference book that lists drug products
receptor
target substance with which a drug interacts in the body
rectal administration
drugs are inserted through the anus into the rectum
side effect
toxic effect that routinely results from the use of a drug
sublingual administration
drugs placed under tongue
synergism
combo. of 2 drugs causes an effect that is GREATER that the sumn of the individual effects of each drug alone
syringe
instrument for introducing or withdrawing fluids from the body
tolerance
larger and larger drug doses must be given to achieve the desired effect. Patient becomes resistant to the action of the drug
topical application
drugs are applied locally on the skin or mucous membranes of the body
toxicity
harmful effects of a drug
toxicology
study of harmful chemicals and their effects on the body
transport
movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells
U.S.P.
United States Pharmacopeia---Authoritative list of drugs, formulas and preparations that sets a stand for drug manufacturing and dispensing
vitamin
substance found in foods and essential in small quantities for growth and good health