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82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
0.45% NaCl
1/2 normal saline
acetaminophen (Tylenol)
liver toxic
acyclovir (Zovirax)
treating the symptoms of herpes (genital, simplex, zoster); also used to treat chickenpox
adenosine (Adenocard)
management of rapid HR (supraventricular tachycardia)
albumin 25% (Albuminar)
used to treat hypoalbuminemia, third spacing, etc. by increasing the colloid oncotic pressure
albuterol (Ventolin)
hold for increased HR or BP
amikacin (Amikin)
nephrotoxicity; monitor BUN and creatinine levels
amiodarone (cordarone)
indicated for ventricular arrhythmias (PVCs, V-tach, V-fib)
amoxicillin with clavulanic acid (Augmentin)
defeat beta-lactamase producing organisms
amphotericin B (Fungizone)
pre-medicate with antipyretics, corticosteroids, antihistamines, meperidine, and antiemetics
ampicillin (Omnipen)
cross-sensitive with cephalosporins
anastrozole (Arimidex)
blocks estrogen receptors
aropiprazole (Abilify)
extrapyramidal reactions (tardive dyskinesias)
atropine sulfate (generic)
treatment of symptomatic bradycardia and heart blocks (increases
heart rate); treatment of pesticide and nerve agent poisonings; contraindicated in glaucoma
beclomethasone (Vanceril)
asthma prophylaxis; rinse mouth out with water (will cause fungal infections)
benztropine (Cogentin)
contraindicated in glaucoma
blood products
whole blood and packed red blood cells can transmit oxygen; fresh frozen
plasma contains clotting factors
bosentan (Tracleer)
indicated for pulmonary arterial hypertension
ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
cross blood/brain barrier; effective against CNS infections (meningitis)
cephradine (Velosef)
broad spectrum; cross-sensitive with penicillins
ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
broad spectrum
corticosteroid drugs
contraindicated in active infections; adverse effects include adrenal
suppression (Cushing’s syndrome), elevated blood sugar, and osteoporosis; do not stop abruptly
cortisone (Cortisone)
dexamethasone (Decadron) – reduce cerebral edema in meningitis
methylprednisilone (Solu-Medrol)
prednisone (Deltasone)
cyclosporine (Sandimmune)
decrease immune response by inhibiting T-cell activity; adverse
effects may include opportunistic infections
(dextrose, 5% in water)
demeclocycline (Demclomycin)
tetracycline; pregnancy D
desmopressin (DDAVP)
treatment of diabetes insipidus
dextrose 50% in water (D50W)
indicated for hypoglycemia
diazoxide (Hyperstat)
indicated for emergency treatment of hypertension
digoxin (Lanoxin)
increases force of cardiac contractions (+ inotropic), slows HR (- chronotropic); contraindicated in HR < 60 bpm
digoxin immune Fab (Digibind)
digoxin antidote; adverse effects include increased pulmonary edema
diltiazem (Cardizem)
indicated for hypertension and supraventricular tachycardia (SVT);
calcium channel blockers decrease HR and BP!!!
dopamine (Intropin)
treatment of shock along with adequate fluid replacement
doxycycline (Doxy Caps)
tetracycline; treatment of anthrax; pregnancy D
counters immunosuppressant drugs; blocks drugs for TB, cancers, and HIV
enalapril (Vasotec)
adverse effects include hypotension, dry cough, and tachycardia
enfuvirtide (Fuzeon)
prevents seroconversion
enoxaparin (Lovenox)
same as heparin, but safer because it blocks only one clotting factor; so safe patients may give themselves injections at home
epoetin alfa (Procrit)
stimulates RBC production in the bone marrow
famotidine (Pepcid)
interferes with drug/food absorption
filgrastim (Neupogen)
increases WBCs
furosemide (Lasix)
diuretic; inhibits reabsoprtion of lytes and water in the loop of Henle; cross-sensitive with sulfonamide antibiotics
ginko biloba
increases coagulation times when taken with warfarin
glipizide (Glucotrol)
stimulates pancreatic cells to produce insulin
glucogon (GlucaGen)
contraindication in starvation (no hepatic stores of glucose)
haloperidol (Haldol)
used acutely as “chemical handcuffs;” extrapyramidal reactions (tardive
heparin (porcine heparin)
prevents new clots from forming
hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
adverse effects may include respiratory depression or arrest
ibuprofen (Advil)
inhibits prostaglandin synthesis; contraindicated in GI bleeding
inamrinone (Inocor)
short-term management of CHF not responding to digoxin or after digibind
contraindicated in hypoglycemia
rDNA insulin analog (Lispro R)
give with first bite of food
rDNA insulin glargin (Lantus)
24-hour insulin; give one dose daily at bedtime; SQ only, never IV
interferon alfa-2b (Intron-A)
adjunct with other drugs to treat leukemias, MS, chronic hepatitis (A, B, C), and AIDS
isoniazid (INH)
prophylaxis for TB exposure
isosorbide (Isordil)
long-acting nitrate; concurrent use with Viagra can result in profound hypotension
Lactated Ringer’s solution
replaces water and electrolytes; balance salt solution
leucovorin (Wellcovorin)
protects healthy cells from antimetabolites
levonorgestrel (Norplant)
used to treat men with prostate cancer
lidocaine (Xylocaine)
ventricular arrhythmias (PVCs, V-tach, V-fib); do not use with
epinephrine for a digital block
lithium carbonate (Carbolith)
contraindicated in CV diseases
loperamide (Imodium)
used for diarrhea, esp. r/t tube feeding and antibiotic use; contraindicated in diarrhea caused by toxins (salmonella, shigella, etc.) because it will prevent the organisms from being moved out of the bowl and can cause toxic megacolon
mannitol (Osmitrol)
osmotic diuretic; reabsorption of lytes and water (potent kaluretic); adverse effects include transient volume expansion, hypokalemia, and phlebitis at the IV site (hypertonic)
methotrexate (Folex)
causes bone marrow depression, but it can be reduced with leucovorin rescue
metoclopramide (Reglan)
accelerates gastric emptying
metronidazole (Flagyl)
indicated in amebic dysentery and PCP
morphine sulfate
can cause respiratory depression or arrest
nevirapine (Viramune)
prevents seroconversion; adverse effects include severe fatigue, anemia, and bone marrow suppression
oseltamivir (Tamiflu)
indicated for avian flu (H5N1 virus)
propranolol (Inderal)
lowers BP and HR; contraindicated in asthma and COPD
protamine sulfate (generic)
heparin antidote
reteplase (Retavase)
lyses thrombi; specific only to newly formed clots
rofecoxib (Vioxx)
increases prothrombin which causes increased clotting
somatropin (Humatrope)
long bone X-rays are essential prior to administering to children to be sure that their epiphyses (growth plates) have not closed
spironolactone (Aldactone)
must teach patient not to eat foods rich in potassium
sublingual nitroglycerine tablets (Nitro Bid)
contraindicated in hypotension and concurrent
use with Viagra (profound hypotension)
tadalafil (Cialis)
contraindicated in men using nitrates for angina (profound hypotension)
technetium (99mTc, a radioactive isotope)
must do serum pregnancy test
trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Septra)
cross-sensitive with furosemide (Lasix)
vancomycin (Vancocin)
used for MRSA; monitor IV sites frequently; do frequent peak and trough levels of BUN and creatinine to monitor for renal function
warfarin sodium (Coumadin)
interferes with vitamin K clotting factors
zidovudine (AZT)
prevents seroconversion
α-tocopherol (vitamin E)
best antioxidant; donates electron and becomes a free radical; vitamin C donates an electron to it to turn it back into vitamin E