Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/51

Click to flip

51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Chemical used to diagnose, treat or prevent disease
Drug
Study of drugs and their interaction with the body
Pharmacology
Name suggested by the manufacturer
Generic Name
Manufacturer given to increase brand loyality
Brand name
How drug is absorbed, distributed and elimnated
Pharmacokinetics
Adverse reactions
Drugs undesired effects
Side Effects
HOw drug is given
Routes of administration
Conditions make it inappropriate to give the drug
Contraindications
amount of drug that should be given
Dosage
Federal
State
Individual Agencies
Legal
High Abuse, no accepted medical indications
schedule 1
LSD Heroin
High abuse, accepted medical indications
Schedule 2
Morphine, cocaine
Less abuse, psychological dependency
Schedule 3
Vicodin, tylenol, codeine
Low abuse, limited psychological dependence
Schedule 4
Valium, phenobarbital
Lowest abuse, very limited psychological dependence
Schedule 5
cough medicine w codiene
6 rights of medication Administration
right person
right drug
right dose
right time
right route
right documentation
Identify person by name
do not confuse multiple patiens
Right person
Repeat physicians orders back

Withdraw right medication
Right Drug
Pull medication out of box
draw up medication
before adminster to patient
double check with partner
right drug
Medication given
Dose given
Time given
Effects seen
Right documentation
no risk to fetus in 1st or later trimesters
category A
potential risk in animal studies, but not in pregnant women
Category B
No studies or benefits may outweigh the risks
Category c
Risk exist, but benefits may outweigh those risks
Categroy D
Fetal risk demonstrated. Risk far outweigh benefit
Category X
Metabolism and extracellular fluids may be increased(higher metabolism)
pediatric patients
Broselow tape
always use pediatric tools
Pharmacology
2 divisions
pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
How drug is transported in and out of the body
absorbtion
distribution
biotransformation
elimination
pharmacokinetics
Effects of the drug when they reach their target tissues
Pharmacodynamics
requires energy to move a substance
active transport
requires a carrier protien to transport large molecules
Facilitated Diffusion
Movement of substance are of higher concentration to area of lower concentration
diffusion
fluid like water area are of higher concentration to area of lower concentration
osmosis
movement from high pressure to a lower pressure
Filtration
How the drug finds its way to desired tissue
absorption
must get into blood stream first
absorption
amount of drug that is still active after it reaches its target tissue
Bioavailibilty
HOw drug is distributed throughout the body
distribution
distributed through the circulatory system
distribution
dependent on binding in the blood stream
albumin in the blood
big blood protein
distribution
tight junction between capillary and endothelial cells prevent this?
prevent distribution
Breakdown of drugs
Biotransformation
transform drug into a more or less active metabolite
Biotransformation
make drug more water or less lipid soluble to facilitate elimination
Biotransormation
First pass through the liver may partially or completely inactivate many drugs
"first-pass effect"
extreted through urine, feces or expiration
Elimination
medication delivered through GI tract
enteral
medications delivered any area outside the Gi tract
Parenteral
Oral
sublingual
buccal
rectal
enteral routes
Intravenous (IV)
Endotracheal
Intraosseous (IO)
Umbilical
Intramuscular
Subcutaneous
Intradermal
Inhalation
Topical
Transderamal
Nasal
Instillation
Parenteral routes