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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
drug that binds to its recptor and prevents other drugs or substances from producing an effect
generic name
nonproprietary, or common, name of a drug
drug that binds to its receptor and produces a drug action
Drug dependence
condition of reliance on the use of a particular drug characterized as physical and/or psychological dependence
Adverse Effect
general term for undesirable and potentially harmful drug effect
Schedule 3 drug
Drug with moderate abuse potential and accepted medical uses
Drug microsomal metabolizing system (DMMS)
group of enzymes located primarily in th eliver that function to metabolize (biotransform) drugs
Loading dose
initial drug dose administered to rapidly achieve therapeutic levels
percentage of the drug dosage that is absorbed
mechanism of action
explanation of how a drug produces its effect
Intravenous injection IV
drug is injected into the vein
chemical substance that produces a change in body fuction
Drug distribution
pasage of a drug from the blood to the tissues and organs of the body
Trade name
patened proprietary name of a drug sold by a specific drug manufacturer
effective dose 50, or dose that will produce an effect that is half of the maximal response
Drug absorption
entrance of a drug into the bloodstream from its site of administration
Parenteral administration
route of drug administration that does not involve the gastointestinal tract GI
specific location on a cell membrane or within the cell where the drug attaches toproduce its effect
Mantinence dose
dose administered to maintain drug levels in the therapeutic range
Schedule V Drug
drug with limited abuse potential and accepted medical use
Drug Indications
intended or indicated uses for any drug
chemical name
name that defines the chemical composition of a drug
Enzyme induction
increase in the amount of drug-metaboizing enzymes after repeated administration of certain drugs
Side effect
drug effect other than the therapeutic effect that is usually undesirable but not harmful
lethal dose 50, or a dose that will kill 50% of the animals tested
time required for the body to rid itself of half of the drug dosage that was absorbed (percent bioavailability)
Site of action
location within the body where a drug exerts its therapeutic effect, often a type of receptor
exact amount of a drug that is administered in order to produce a specific effect
Therapeutic effect
desired drug effect to alleviate some condition or symptom of disease
situations or conditions when a certain drug should not be administered
Schedule 1 Drug
drug with a high abuse potential with no accepted medical use
Schedule IV Drug
drug with limited abuse potential and accepted medical uses
Drug addiction
condition of a drug abuse and drug dependence that is characterized by compulsive drug behavior
Individual variation
difference in the effects of drugs and drug dosages from one person to another due to genetics
Toxic effect
undesirable drug effect that implies drug poisoning, can be harmful or life threatening
Therapeutic index (TI)
ratio of the LD50 to the ED50
measure of the strength, or concentration, of a drug required to produce a specific effect
Controlled substance
drug that has the potential for abuse and thus is regulated by law
Schedule 2 Drug
drug with high abuse potential and some accepted medical uses
Intramuscular injection IM
route of drug administration, drug is injected into the gluteal or deltoid muscles