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56 Cards in this Set

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Tubocurarine
Curare
Non depolarizer
competitive
parasympathetic antagonist
Nm(skeletal)
Hemicholinium
-comepetes w/ choline
-Inhibits cholinergic transmission
Cevimeline
-Evoxac
-Muscarinic+++
-Direct cholinomimetic
-Increase cholinergic actvty
CHAT
-CHolineAcetylTransferase
-Acetyl CoA+choline to ACh
Vesamicol
-Inhibits storage of ACh
-Decreases cholinergic transmission
Methacholine
-Provocholine
-Muscarinic+++, Nicotinic++
-Direct cholinomimetic
Succinyl choline
-Depolarizer
-Non competitive
-Nm(skeletal)
Atracurium
-Tracrium
-Non depolarizer
-Competitive
-Nm(skeletal)
Carbachol
-Direct cholinomimetic
-Muscarinic+++, Nicotinic+++
M1 Family
M1,M3,M5
-stimulatory (G-s protein)
-Postsynaptic
-Linked + to phospholipase C
-Neurons, Smooth muscles, glands
Miochol E
-Direct cholinomimetic
-Miosis in eye
Botox
-Botulinum toxin
-inhibits release of ACh
Ecothiophate
-Phospholine
-Irreversible
-Indirect cholinomimetic
Pyridostigmine
-Indirect cholinomimetic
-Reversible
-Mestinon
Neostigmine
-Indirect cholinomimetic
-Reversible
-Prostigmin
-CANNOT cross BBB
Physostigmine
-Indirect cholinomimetic
-Reversible
-CAN cross BBB
-cholinergic agonist
Pilocarpine
-Salagen
-Dry mouth
-Muscarinic +++
-Direct cholinomimetic
Hexamethonium
-Irreversible
-Nn (neural)
-Prevents ACh from binding
Edrophonium
-Indirect cholinomimetic
-Reversible
-Cholinergic agonist
M2 Family
M2 and M4
-Inhibitory (G-i protein)
-Presynaptic
-Linked - to adenylcyclase system
-Also found in parasympathetic nerve endings in heart
Trimethylphan
-Arfonad
-Reversible
-Nn(nerual)
Mecamylmine
-Inversine
-Reversible
-Nn(neural)
Bethanecol
-Urecholine
-Used in urinary bladder
-Muscarinic+++, N
-Direct cholinomimetic
Timolol Maleate USP
-Akorn
-Timolol Maleate 0.5%
-Beta blocker
Scopolamine
competitive antagonist
Timoptic XE
-Merck
-Timolol maleate gel forming soln 0.25%, 0.5%
-Beta blocker
Homatropine
-Competitive antagonist
-Passive mydriasis
Atropine
-Competitive antagonist
-Passive mydriasis
Phenoxybenzamine
-Non competitive antagonist
-Alpha receptor
Acetylsalicyclic Acid
-ASA, Aspirin
-Binds to cyclooxygenases
-Non competitive antagonist
Beta- Carboline
-Inverse agonist
-Anxiogenic, Proconvulsant
Ocupress
-Ciba Vision
-Carteolol 1% soln
-Beta blocker
Diazepam
-Valium
-Agonist
-Anxiolytic, anticonvulsant
Timoptic
-Merck
-Timolol 0.1-0.5%
-Beta blocker
Beta blockers
-Decrease production of intraocular fluid
Side Effects: Decrease BP, PR, amount of blood pumped, libido, depression, fatigue, SOB
-Propine
-Dipivefrin HCl
Adrenergic
Side Effects: Allergic rxns, blurred vision, HA, burning eyes, increased HR
Betoptic S
-Alcon
-Betaxolol HCl 0.25%, 0.5%
-Beta blockers
1. Alphagan
-Brimonidine tartrate
2. Iopidine
-Apraclonidine HCl
Alpha2 Agonist
-Decrease production of fluid, increase drainage
Side Effects: Burning/stinging, HA, fatigue, drowsiness, dry mouth/nose
Opti Pranolol
-Bausch & Lomb
-Metipranolol 0.3%
-Beta blocker
Betimol
-Johnson & Johnson
-Timolol hemihydrate 0.25%, 0.5%
-Beta blocker
Betagan
-Allergan
-Levobunolol HCl opth soln, USP 0.25%, 0.5%
-Beta blocker
Amides
-Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
-Decrease production of fluid
-Side Effects: Tingling or loss of strength of hands/feet, upset stomach, mental fuzziness, memory problems, depression, kidney stones, frequent urination
Pilocarpine, Carbachol
-Cholinergic (miotic)
-Increase drainage of fluid
-Side Effects: Dim vision
Ecothiophate, Phospholine
-Cholinesterase
-Increase drainage of fluid
-Side Effects: Dim vision
Dorzolomide, Cosopt
-Combined
-Decrease production of fluid
-Beta blocker and carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
-Side Effects: Burning/stinging, change in taste
-prost drugs
-Prostaglandins
-Increase drainage of fluid
-Side Effects: Gradual change in eye color, stinging/blurred vision, eye redness, itching, burning.
Brand for Insulin Aspart
Novolog
Generic for Novolog
Aspart
Brand for Insulin Lispro
Humalog
Generic for Humalog
Lispro
Brand for Regular Insulin
Humulin (N) or Novolin (N)
Lente insulin is composed of?
Insulin zinc suspension
Difference between Lente insulin and Ultralente insulin?
Lente is insulin zinc suspension and Ultralente is EXTENDED insulin zinc suspension
Brand for insulin glargine
Lantus
Generic for Lantus
Glargine
What makes Glargine(Lantus) different from other insulins?
Peakless