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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Oral (PO)
Enteral - absorbed in GI
Orogastric/nasogastric tube
Enteral - oral drug with tube
Sublingual (SL)
Enteral - under the tongue
Buccal
Enteral - between cheek and gum
Rectal (PR)
Enteral - vomiting or uncounscious patients
Medullary space of bones
Intraosseous - Parenteral
Umbilical
vein or artery used in newborn
- Parenteral
Intramuscular- Parenteral
90 degree
5cc
slower absorbtion
45 degree
1 cc
slower than itramuscular
subcutaneous (sc, sq) - Parenteral
injected into loose connective tissue between muscle and skin
subcutaneous - Parenteral
Rapid absorption for meds that target the lung tissue (pulmanary)
Ihalation/Nebulized - Parenteral
Applied directly to skin
Not absorbed
topical - Parenteral
Medication absorbed through the skin
Transdermal - Parenteral
Rapid absorption, increasing in popularity
nasal - Parenteral
Places the medication directly into a wound or the eye
Instillation - Parenteral
10 - 15 degree
1 cc
dermal layer of skin
intradermal - Parenteral
Solid Forms of drugs
Pills
Powders
Tablets
Suppositories
Capsules
solid form - circle
Pill
solid form - drug mix with wax like base that melts at body temperature
Suppositories
solid form - Gelatin containers filled with powers or tin pills
Capsules
solid form - powders compressed into disk like form
Tablet
Liquid forms of drug
Solutions
Tinctures
Suspensios
Emulsions
Spirits
Elixirs
Syrups
Liquid form -most common
water or oil based
Solutions
Liquid form - prepared using an alcohol extraction
Tinctures
Solid does not dissolve in the liquid
ex. activated charcoal
Liquid form - Suspensions
Oily solvent where oil globules will separate out
-do not inject
Liquid form -Emulsions
Alcohol and water solvent with flavoring
Elixirs
Sugar, water and drug solutions
Syrups
Study of what drug does to body
- actions of drug
- response of drug
- drug-response relationship
- factors altering drug response
- drug interactions
Pharmacodynamics
- bind to receptor site
- change physical properties of cell
- chemically combine w/other substances
- alther a normal metabolic site
Actions of drug
10 - 15 degree
1 cc
dermal layer of skin
intradermal - Parenteral
Solid Forms of drugs
Pills
Powders
Tablets
Suppositories
Capsules
solid form - circle
Pill
solid form - drug mix with wax like base that melts at body temperature
Suppositories
solid form - Gelatin containers filled with powers or tin pills
Capsules
solid form - powders compressed into disk like form
Tablet
Liquid forms of drug
Solutions
Tinctures
Suspensios
Emulsions
Spirits
Elixirs
Syrups
Liquid form -most common
water or oil based
Solutions
Liquid form - prepared using an alcohol extraction
Tinctures
Solid does not dissolve in the liquid
ex. activated charcoal
Liquid form - Suspensions
Oily solvent where oil globules will separate out
-do not inject
Liquid form -Emulsions
Alcohol and water solvent with flavoring
Elixirs
Sugar, water and drug solutions
Syrups
Study of what drug does to body
- actions of drug
- response of drug
- drug-response relationship
- factors altering drug response
- drug interactions
Pharmacodynamics
- bind to receptor site
- change physical properties of cell
- chemically combine w/other substances
- alther a normal metabolic site
Actions of drug
Protein molecules on the surface of cells
Receptor site
Force of attraction between a drug and receptor
Affinity
Drug's ability to cause the expected response
Efficacy
bind and initiate the exepected response (stimulate response)
Agonist
Antagonist
bind and block the receptors normal response
Antagonist
Agonist