Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Presence of an organism on or within the tissue resulting in an immune response and/or destruction of the tissue.
Presence of an organism on or within the tissue NOT resulting in an immune response and/or destruction of the tissue.
a product of a living microorganism that can exert a deleterious effect on other microorganisms (i.e. kills or inhibits)
an naturally occurring or synthetic substance which kills or inhibits growth of microorganisms.
Broad spectrum
effects against more than a single class of microorganisms and sometimes nonbacterial parasites.

A more desirable alternative topically.
Narrow spectrum
effective against a limited number of microorganisms. Less likely to disrupt body normal flora when used systemically (i.e. more desirable alternative systemically.)
an agent used on objects that kills microorganisms capable of producing infection. Not sterilization because does not kill spores, viruses, or some very resistant bacteria.
agent used in living tissue that inhibits or kills microorganisms capable of producing infection - not as strong as disinfectant.
an agent that kills bacteria independent of the immune system. Generally affect bacterial cell walls or permeability of cell membrane.
a substance that inhibits growth and replication of bacteria.
Allergy and hypersensitivity
Direct toxicity
What are the general cautions for all antimicrobial therapies?
The organism
The drug
The patient
Which antimicrobial agent should you select? It depends upon: