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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
types of conjunctivitis
allergic
bacterial
viral
causes of retinitis
virus
goal in tx of allergic conjuctivitis
provide comfort
dec allergic response
dec histamine release
meds for allergic conjuct
cromolyn (optichrom)
olopatadine (patanol)
Azelastine (Optivar)
pain control for eyes
local anesthetic (Tetracaine)
NSAIDS (Voltaren)
Corticosteroids
Decongestant (Pheniramine/Vasocon A)
organism in bacterial conjun
mostly gram negative
tx bacterial conjunctivitis
sulfacetamide (Sulamide)
Gentamicin
tx viral conjunctivitis
trifluridine (Viroptic)
Steroids (Prednisolone)
Combinations (Tobrex)
tobramycin and pred
most common patients that develop retinitis
immunocompromised
causitive organism of retinitis
CMV
tx retinitis
gancyclovir (Cytovene)
ways to dose cytovene
IV, PO, implants
for life
glaucoma therapy goal
decrease IOP
Beta blockers used to treat
glaucoma
Timolol (timoptic)
Betaxolol (Vitoptic)
Cholinergic agents used to tx
glaucoma
Pilocarpine
Carbachol
not common secondary new
drugs with less SE
Glaucoma tx
BB, Cholingeric agents,
Carbonic anhydrase inh, alpha
2 agonsists, prostaglandins
carbonic anhydrase inh
acetazolaminde (diamox)IV only
also tx altitude sickness
Dorzolamide (Trusopt)
Alpha-2 agonists
Apraclonidine (Iopidine)
Brimonidine (Alphagan)
Prostaglandins
Latanoprost (Xalatan)
Travoprost (Travatan)
dilates globe (not pupil)
Tx OM
decongestant
pain relief
antibiotics
abtx of OM
amox
cephalosporin
organisms causing OM
gram + (strep sp.)
gram - (h. flu)
topical vs systemic tx OM
externa = topical
tx cerumen impaction
cerumenex
warm water
types of congestion
allergic
non-allergic
tx of congestion
decongestant
types of decongestants
pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)
oral
phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine)
Oxymetazoline (Afrin)
tx duration with topical decongestants

SE
3 days

reboud
tx allergic rhinitis
antihistamines
tx of antihistamines
Chlorpheniramine (chlor-trimeton)
fexofenadine (allegra)
Loratadine (Claritin)
Cetirzine (Zyrtec)
causes of sore throat
viral infxn
bacterial infxn
(usually strep)
tx sore throat
local anesthetics
phenol (cepacol)
good hydration
ist line tx for strep
pharyngitis
pcn, amox
when to culture ST
hx strep

strep contact