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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
amphetamine structure
similar to NE
ampetamine mechanism of action
indirect sympathomimetic amine
causes massive relase of NE DA and 5-HT
treatment of amphetamine intox
nitroprusside or alpha blocker for BP
sedative
amphetime use
hypersomnia
alternative to amphetamine for hypersomnia
modafinil
orlistat
weight loss drug
pancreatic lipase inhibitor
sibutramine
weight loss druG
inhibits 5-HT and NE reuptake
enhances satiety and thermogenesis
methylphenidate
ADHD
related to amphetamine
ritalin
mechanism of action of cocaine
blocks uptake of NE, DA, 5-HT
modafinil
alternative to amphetime for hypersomnia treatment
how to allevaite cocaine induced psychosis
neuroleptics
DA receptor antagonists
methylxanthine
alkaloid in tea, coffee, cocoa
increased alertness
respiratory stimulation
convulsive potential at high dose
mechanism of action of methylxanthine
competitive inhibition of CNS adenosine A1 and A2 receptors
inhibits PDE and increases cAMP and high dose
medical use of methylxanthine
asthma
apnea
examples of methylxanthine
caffeine, theophylline, theobromine
nicotine low dose effects
activate nicotninc receptor subtypes in autonomic ganglia, lungs, airway, and CNS
no NMJ affect
nicotine high dose effects
acts on all nicotinic receptors
depolarizing blockade and receptor denesitization at autonomic ganglia nd NMJ
overdose of nicotine
cardivascular collapse, muscle weakness, respiratory failure