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10 Cards in this Set

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Tx organophosphate poisoning
atropine (give first) + pralidoxime
Tx poisoning w/carbamate insecticides (i.e. aldicarbamate)
atropine
S/E of phenytoin in pregnant female
baby born with cleft lip/palate
Mercury toxicity
-Sx
-Tx
Sx:
-gingivitis, loose teeth
-neuropathies
-Hg deposits in lens
-personality changes, irritable, fearful, can't concentrate

Tx:
-dimercaprol (BAL) + penicillamine (chelating agent)
lead poisoning
Sx:
peripheral neuropathy-wrist drop,
gastric colic
lead encephalopathy (if severe)
renal damage (if LT exposure)

Labs:
-lead interfers with heme synthesis, so precursors of heme accumulate
-hypochromic microcyctic anemia with increased urinary excretion of delta-aminolevulinic acid (DAA)

Tx w/EDTA (chelating agent)
tinnitus is Sx of OD with what drug?
Aspirin
Aspirin OD==>
Sx: tinnitus

aspirin OD:

-early: resp alk (hypervent) [pH>7.4 (alkoltic)]

-later: met acid w/compensatory resk alk [pH<7.4 =acidosis]
acetaminophen OD
-Sx
-Tx
Sx=high ALT/AST

Tx w/acetylcysteine (precursor for glutathione, which competes with toxic metabolite of acetaminophen)
how Tx excess Ach ?
tx with atropine
Sx=red, hot, dry skin; fever

-Dx?
-Tx?
Dx=atropine poisoning

Tx w/physostigmine