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49 Cards in this Set

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Chlorpromazine - Thorazine
Primarily D2 dopaminergic receptor site blockade
Prochlorperazine - Compazine
Primarily H1-histamine receptor antagonist
Respiradone - Risperdal
?unknown, yet presumed to be dopamine and serotonin receptor blockade
Haloperidol - Haldol
D2 dopaminergic receptor site blockade
Clozapine - Clozaril
Mult. receptor site blockade, usu at D2 and S (serotonin) receptors
Omeprazole - Prilosec
H+/K+ -ATPase proton pump inhibitor
Cimetadine (Tagamet)
antagonist at H2 receptors
Hyoscyamine (Anaspaz)
cholinergic antagonist
Sucralfate - Carafate
aluminum sucrose polymerizes in acidic environments - (gives protective coating)
Psyllium
Bulk forming, swells in presence of water.
Magnesium Hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia)
Osmotic retention of fluid in colon
Bisacodyl
Stim. intestinal motility and accum. of electrolytes and water
Dephenoxylate and Atropine (Lomotil)
D- opiod and alpha receptor agonist causing decreased motility and secretion
A- muscarinic antagonist that decreases motility and secretion
Loperamide - Imodium
opioid and alpha receptor agonist causing decreased motility and secretion
Apomorphine
Stim. CRTZ
Syrup of Ipecac
Stim. CRTZ and local irritant in GI tract
Ondanstetron - Zofran
Serotonin antagonist - anti-emetic
Diphenhydramine - Benadryl
H1 receptor antagonist
Alendronate
Inhhibition of osteaoclast activity
Raloxifene - Evista
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator (SERM)
Calcitonin
inhibits osteoclastic activity
Teriparatide
inhibits osteocast activity (stim. new bone form)
Hydrocortisone
affects gene transcrip. to stim. or repress pro. tx
Prednisone
affects gene transcrip. to stim. or repress pro. tx
Dexamethasone
affects gene transcrip. to stim. or repress pro. tx
Fludrocortisone
Na+ retained and not lost
Spironolactone
aldosterone antag. by competitive binding (inhib. of Na+ retention)
Glipizide
Stim. release of insulin
Metformin
increase sensitivity to insulin in liver and elsewhere
Acarbose
enzymes inhib. alpha-glucosidase to slow digestion of carbs.
Rosiglitazone
increase sensitivity to insulin
Repaglinide
augments insulin release to meal response
Glucagon
agonist at glucagon receptors
Leuprolide - Lupron
Synthetic analog of GnRH - interrupts production of testosterone and estrogen
Finasteride - Proscar
Limits conversion of testosterone to DHT
Premarin
Alters gene transcrip. and supresses FSH
Medroxyprogesterone - Provera
Alters gene transcrip. and supresses LH
Human Growth Hormone (Humatrope)
Binds to GH receptor on cells (promoting formation of other hormones)
Bromocryptine
Dopamine agonist
Vasopressin
Stim. V1 receptors in smooth muscle and V2 receptors in collecting duct
Oxytocin
Stim. specific receptors in myometrium that cause direct m. contraction and prostaglandin release
Levothyroxine - Synthroid
Replaces normal levels of T4 and T3
Thyroid USP - Armour
Replaces both T4 and T3
Methimazole
Inhibits transformation of inorganic iodine to organic iodine - to block production of thyroxine.
Propylthiouracil
Blocks peripheral conversion of T4 to T3. Inihibits transformation of inorganic iodine to organic iodine - blocks production of thyroxine.
Methysergide
Unknown - mb peripheral serotonin antagonist and central serotonin agonist.
Sumatriptan - Imitrex
Serotonin Antagonist at 5 HT1D receptors, (that innvervate the intracranial vasculature.)
Testosterone cypionate
alters gene transcription. and at tissue level and increases pro. synthesis
Insulin Lispro - Humalog
binds to receptors to take in glucose