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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Chemical Classes of Opioids
1. meperidine
2. methadone
3. morphine
(-like agents)
the three m's
Meperidine- like Agents
meperidine, fentalnyl, remifentanil, sufentanil, alfentanil
4 fentanils + 1 same name
Methadone- like Agents
methadone and propoxyphene
same name + 1
Morphine- like Agents
morphine, heroine, hydromorphone, oxymorphone, levorphanol, codeine, hydrocodone, oxycodone
5 well knowns + 2 that sound like the well knowns, and one more
5 opioid receptors
mu, kappa, sigma, delta, and epsilon
greek letters
my king snake doesn't eat
Common Opioid Side Effects
respiratory depression, constipation, urinary retention
Cough suppressant
codeine, hydrocodone
no COughing
Anti- diarrheal preparations
paregoric, Lomotil
think low motility
Agonist for mu
morphine, produces supraspinal analgesia, respiratory depression, ++sedation, euphoria
more for mu
Agonist for kappa
ketocyclazocine, produces spinal analgesia, ++++ sedation, miosis
Agonist for delta
enkephalins, produces analgesia
Cardiovascular side effects for opioids
Palpatations, hypotension, flushing
CNS effects for opioids
sedation, disorientation, euphoria, lightheadedness, dysphoria, lower sezizure threshold, tremors
GI effects for opioids
nausea, vomiting, constipation, biliary tract spasm
don't forget about the bile ducts
Integumentary effects for opioids
rash, itching, wheal formation