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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 zones of adrenal cortex and their products
Glomerulosa (mineralocorticoids), fasciculata (glucocorticoid=GC), and reticularis (adrenal androgens)
Pneumonic for 3 zones of adrenal cortex
GFR
Used for Addison's disease, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH), inflammation, allergies, and asthma (as a local inhalation)
Glucocorticoids
Short acting GC's
Cortisone and hydrocortisone (equivalent to cortisol)
Intermediate acting GC's
Prednisone, methylprednisolone, prednisolone, and triamcinolone
Long acting GC's
Betamethasone, dexamethasone, and paramethasone
Mineralocorticoids
Fludrocortisone and deoxycorticosterone
Some side effects of corticosteroids
Osteopenia, impaired wound healing, inc. risk of infection, inc. appetite, HTN, edema, PUD, euphoria, psychosis, stria, thinning of skin
Period of time of therapy after which GC therapy will need to be tapered
5-7 days
Used for Cushing's syndrome (increased corticosteroid) and sometimes for adrenal function test
Metyrapone
Inhibits conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone therefore inhibiting corticosteroid synthesis
Aminoglutethimide
Antifungal agent used for inhibition of all gonadal and adrenal steroids
Ketoconazole
Antiprogestin used as potent antagonist of GC receptor
Mifepristone
Diuretic used to antagonize aldosterone receptors
Spironolactone
Common SE of spironolactone
Gynecomastia and hyperkalemia
Used for Cushing's syndrome (increased corticosteroid)
Dexamethasone suppression test