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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
acetazolamide
Diuretic used for mountain sickness and glaucoma
acetazolamide
SE of acetazolamide
paresthesias, alkalinization of the urine (which may cause precipation of Ca salts), hypokalemia, acidosis, and encephalopathy in patients with hepatic impairment
MOA of loop diuretics
inhibit Na/K/2Cl cotransport
Site of action of loop diuretics
Thick ascending limb
SE of loop diuretics
hyperuricemia, hypokalemia, ototoxicity
Aminoglycosides used with loop diuretics potentiate what adverse effect
ototoxicity
Loops lose and thiazide diuretics retain
Calcium
MOA of thiazide diuretics
inhibit NaCl cotransporter
Site of action of thiazide diuretics
early Convoluted Tubule
Class of drugs that may cause cross-sensitivity with thiazide diuretics
Sulfonamides
SE of thiazide (HCTZ) diuretics
hyperuricemia, hypokalemia, hyperglycemia
Potassium sparing diuretics inhibit
Na/K exchange
Diuretic used to treat primary aldosteronism
Spironolactone
SE of spironolactone
gynecomastia, hyperkalemia, impotence
Osmotic diuretic used for increased ICP
mannitol