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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hyperglycemia - s/s
obtundation
dehydration
hypotension with tachycardia
hyperglycemia - lab findings
incr Se glucose (>800mg/dL)
incr BUN, SCr
incr or decr K & Na
water deficit - s/s
weight loss
thirt
flushed / loose skin
dehydrated appearance
orthostatic hypotension
tachycardia
oliguria
absence of axillary sweat
hallucination
delirium
coma
water deficit - lab findings
incr solute concentration
incr BUN, SCr, urine specific gravity, osmolality
water excess - s/s
weight gain
edema
headache
n/v
abdominal cramps
dyspnea
jugular venous distention
rales on pulmonary exam
weakness
stupor
convulsion
coma
water excess - lab findings
dilution of solutes
low SeNa & protein
low BUN
low plasma osmolality
hypernatremia - s/s
thirst
weight loss
flushed loose skin
tachycardia
hypotension
oliguria
irritability
ataxia
spasticity
confusion
seizures
hypernatremia - lab findings
incr SeNa & osmolality
incr BUN
incr urine osmolality
hyponatremia - s/s
thirst
faintness
dizziness
dry mucosa
loss of skin tugor
tachycardia
orthostatic hypotension
oliguria
edema
headache
n/v
convulsion
coma
hyponatremia - lab findings
low SeNa
elevated BUN & SCr
hyperkalemia - s/s
weakness
abdominal distention
diarrhea
cardiac abhormalities (slowed heart rate, ventricular fibrillation, cardiac arrest)
hyperkalemia - lab findings
elevated Se K
renal impairment
EKG findings
hypokalemia - s/s
weakness
parathesias
hyporeflexia
flaccid paralysis
hypokalemia - lab findings
decr Se K
EKG findings
hypercalcemia - s/s
anorexia
n/v
constipation
polyuria
weakness
hyporeflexia
tremor
lethargy
confusion
hypercalcemia - lab findings
incr se Ca
EKG changes
hypocalcemia - s/s
muscle cramps
tetany
convulsions
stridor & dyspnea
diplopia
abdominal cramps
urinary frequency
Chvostek's sign
Trousseau's sign
hypocalcemia - lab findings
decr Ca
decr albumin
incr phosphate
decr Mg
EKG changes
hypermagnesemia - s/s
weakness
flaccid paralysis
mental obtundation
confusion
hypermagnesemia - lab findings
incr SeMg, SCr, BUN, phosphate, K, uric acid
decr Ca
EKG changes
hypomagnesemia - s/s
weakness
muscle cramps
tremor
hyperirritability
athetoid movements
jerking
nystagmus
positive Babinski response
hypertension
tachycardia
ventricular arrhythmias
confusion
hypomagnesemia - lab findings
low SeMg
low Ca & K
EKG changes
hypophosphatemia - s/s
irritability
apprehension
weakness
numbness
parathesia
confusion
anorexia
pain in muscles / bones
fractures
hemolytic anemia
incr susceptibility to infections
rhadbomyolysis
hypophosphatemia - lab findings
low phosphate
neurological irritability
anemia
incr SCr kinase
bone changes