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15 Cards in this Set

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African-American male presents with angina, a blood pressure of 200/150 and a HR of 100bpm.

Drug of choice?
non-DHP Ca++ Blocker
VERAPAMIL
An African-American male presents with angina, a blood pressure of 200/150 and a HR of 50bpm.

Drug of choice?
non-DHP Ca++ Blocker
VERAPAMIL

or

long-acting DHP (to increase HR)
AMLODIPINE
An African-American male presents with Type1 DM and a blood pressure of 200/150 with a HR of 50bpm.

Drug of choice?
ACE inhibitor (diabetes)
CAPTOPRIL
Drug of choice for hypertensive pregnant women?
HYDRALAZINE (vasodilator)
METHYLDOPA (alpha2)
Strong indications for the use of Propranolol include:
MI, angina, arrhythmia, fibrillation
Which two drugs are used in combination to lower BP while keeping risk of hypokalemia and risk of arrhythmia controlled?
THIAZIDES
AMILORIDE
Compelling indication for the use of CAPTOPRIL?
Diabetes
LV hypertrophy
Heart failure
MI
Contraindication for CAPTOPRIL
Bilateral renal artery stenois is a risk factor when given CAPTOPRIL for developing renal failure, due to decreased GFR (ACE Inhibitor's sometimes cause)

Pregnancy
HTN medication that is contraindicated for in ASTHMA
Beta Blockers
PROPRANOLOL
HTM medication that is contraindicated for in PREGNANCY
ACE Inhibitors:
CAPTOPRIL

AII antagonists:
LOSARTAN
HTN medication contraindicated in IMPAIRED CARDIAC FUNCTION, CAD
Ca Blockers
AMILORIDE
VERAPAMIL
HTN medication contraindicated in RENAL STENOSIS
ACE inhibitor
CAPTOPRIL
Mechanism of action of MINOXIDIL involves the ATP-modulated potassium channel in what to cause what?
Arteriole smooth muscle. It causes hyperpolarization and relaxation in arteriole vascular smooth muscle with little effect on venous and capacitance vessels.
SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE causes dephosphorylation of myosin light chain which reduces the contractile state of smooth muscle, evoking what?
Vasodilation in arterioles and particularly venules!
Which hypertension drug inhibits adrenergic function of the peripheral postgang adrenergic neurons?
GUANETHIDINE- replaces and depletes NE of peripheral postgang andrenergic neurons.