• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/21

Click to flip

21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Acetazolamide (Diamox)
- carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
- Glaucoma: 250-500mg PO bid
- Mtn sick: 250mg PO bid 2 d before trip
-
Docusate (Colace)
- Stool softener: 50-500mg qd divided into 1-4 doses
Bisacodyl (Dulcolax)
- GI stimulant: 10 mg PO qd
GI cocktail (Maalox+Lidocaine+Donnatal)
aka Green Goddess
- GI upset: 30mL maalox +10mL 2% lido +10mL donnatal in single dose
Morphine PCA
PCA dose 1-3 mg
Lockout 5-10 min
Initial Load 5-10 mg
Continuous dose 1-2/hr
**use judiciously
Breakthrough 4-6mg IV
Dobutamine
-B1 agonist
-increases CO via inc. in contractility
-Start: 0.5-1 mcg/kg/min IV; Max: 40 mcg/kg/min
Dopamine
-low dose: D receps in renal
-mod dose: B1 agonist
-high dose: a1 agonist = vasoconstrict
-Start: 2-5 mcg/kg/min; Max: 20 mcg/kg/min
Milrinone/Amrinone
-phosphodiesterase inhibitors used in refractory HF
-+ inotrope
-0.375-0.75 mcg/kg/min IV
Zofran (ondansetron)
-4 mg IV q6h
-8 mg PO q8h (4mg if < 11 yo)
Unclogging a DHT--use what?
-first try water
-Coke/carbonated beverages
-pancreatic enzymes
**Pancrelipase (Viokase) w/ NaH2CO3 to inc pH to 7.9
-dissolved papain
Emergent HTN trmt
-Sodium Nitroprusside 0.25-10 ug/kg/min IV infusion
**add nicardipine 5-15 mg/h IV
-Hydralazine 10 mg IV bolus
-Metoprolol 5 mg IV q10 X 3 or Labetalol 20-80 mg slow IV q10min
-Labetalol 0.5-2 mg/min IV infusion
-Phentolamine 5-10 mg IV bolus q5-15min
-Furosemide 20-160 mg PO BID
Pregnant HTN trmt
-MgSO4 4-6 g IV in 30 min, then 1 g/h for sz prophylaxis
**mix 5g in 250mL of D5W, give 50 mL/hr
-Methyldopa 250 mg PO TID
-hydralazine
Vancomycin
-Start 1g q12h or 17 or 15mg/kg q12h, drip over 1h
-500 mg q6-8h PO for entercolitis
-trough measured after 3rd dose
-target trough 15-20 (>10 to prevent resistence)
-inhibs cell wall syn, interfers w/RNA and cell permeability
-synergistic w/ other Abx
Celecoxib
Celebrex
-NSAID Cox-2
-100-200 mg PO bid
Ketolorac
Toradol
-NSAID
-15-30 mg IV/IM q6h
-10 mg PO q4-6
Fentanyl
Duragesic
-50-100 mcg IV 1-2min slow push for a procedure
-
Naloxone
Narcan
-0.2 mg q2 min IV
-0.1 for peds
Tramadol
Ultram
-50-100 mg PO q4-6 prn mod pain
-beware of seizures w/ antidepressants
Ketamine
Ketalar
-1-2 mg/kg over 1-2 min
-use atropine w/ to prevent hypersalivation
Etomidate
Amidate
-0.3 mg/kg IV for induction
Propofol
Diprivan
-40 mg IV q10sec until induction
-ICU vent settings: 5-50 mcg/mg/min IV