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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Alpha 2 agonist;

Indication;

MOA;
Alphagan (brimonidine
Iopidine (praclonidine

Open Angle
Ocular HTN

decreases fluid production, increases drainage.
Beta Blockers;

Indication;

MOA;
Betagan (levobunolol)
Betoptic (betaxolol)
Betimol (timolol hemihydrate)
Timoptic (timolol)
Optiphenolol (metipranolol)
Ocupress(carteolol)

Glaucoma (not used alone in angle closure)
Ocular HTN

Blocks beta 1 & 2 adrenergic receptors, drecreases production of intraocular fluid.
Prostaglandins;

Indication;

MOA;
(hormone derived med)
Xalatan (lantanoprost)
Lumigan (bimatoprost)
Travatan (travosprost)

Open angle glaucoma
Ocular HTN

Causes fluid to out of eyeball, decreases IOP
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors drops;

Indication;

MOA;
Trusopt (dorzolamide)
Azopt (brinzolamide)
Daranide (dichlorphenamide)

Open angle glaucoma
Ocular HTN

Inhibits carbonic anhydrase, increases electrolyte/water excretion, drecreses production of fluid
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors PO;

Indication;

MOA;
Diamox Sequels (acetazolamide)

Open angle glaucoma
Acute angle closure

Works on carbonic anhydrase in kidneys, excretion of electrolytes & water.
Combo Drugs;

Indication;
Combigan (brimonidine & timolol)
Cosopt (dorzolamide & timolol)
Duotrav (travaprost & timolol)

Open Angle
Miotics
Cholinergic Agonist;

Indication;

MOA;
Isopto (carbechol)
Isoptocarpine (pilocarpine)

Chronic simple glaucoma
Angle closure glaucoma

Causes Miosis (makes pupil smaller, decreases amt of fluid entering eye)
Decreased IOP
Miotics
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors;

Indication;

MOA;
Phospholine (echothiophate)

Open angle glaucoma

Inhibits cholinesterase which causes miosis (makes pupil smaller, decreases amt of fluid entering eye)
Decreased IOP
Alpha beta agonist;

Indications;

MOA;
Dipivefrin (propine)

Open angle glaucoma
Ocular HTN

Prodrug of epinephrine
Stimulates alpha/beta receptors.
Causes mydriasis (pupil to open which increases outflow)
Mydriatics;

Indications;

MOA;
Cyclomydril (cyclopentolate/phenylephrine)

Wide angle glaucoma

Blocks cholinergic stimulation
Causes mydriasis (pupil to open which increases outflow)