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30 Cards in this Set

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Antiqlaucoma Agents
Name 2 Alpha 2 agonists;
Alphagan (brimonidine)
Iopidine (apraclonidine)
(Alpha 2 agonists)
Alphagan (brimonidine) Iopidine (apraclonidine) MOA;
Reduces aqueous humor formation.
(Alpha 2 agonists)
Alphagan (brimonidine) Iopidine (apraclonidine) Indications;
Lowering IOP in open-angle glaucoma.
(Alpha 2 agonists)
Alphagan (brimonidine) Iopidine (apraclonidine) CI;
Hypersensitivity
(Alpha 2 agonists)
Alphagan (brimonidine) Iopidine (apraclonidine) ADR;
Somnolence, dizziness, redness, itching, burning, visual disturbance, hypertension, depression.
(Alpha 2 agonists)
Alphagan (brimonidine) Iopidine (apraclonidine) Precautions;
Preg Cat B, do not breastfeed, severe CV dz, hepatic/renal dz.
(Alpha 2 agonists)
Alphagan (brimonidine) Iopidine (apraclonidine) Dosage;
1 drop in affected eye tid.
Name the Antiglaucoma Beta Blockers;
Betagan (levobunolol), Betoptic (Betaxolol), Betimol, Timoptic (timolol), Optiphenolol (metipranolol, Ocupress (carteolol)
Antiglaucoma Beta Blockers MOA;
Blocks beta 1 & 2 adrenergic receptors reduces aqueous humor production & intraocular pressure.
Antiglaucoma Beta Blockers Indications;
Glaucoma
Ocular HTN
Antiglaucoma Beta Blockers ADR;
Bradycardia, hypotension, burning, stinging, H/A, bronchospasm (systemic absorption possible).
Antiglaucoma Beta Blockers CI;
Hypersensitivity, sinus bradycardia, severe heart dz, pregnancy 2nd & 3rd terms.
Antiglaucoma Beta Blockers Precautions;
Not used alone in Angle-Closure Glaucoma.
Do not use w/contact lenses.
Antiglaucoma Beta Blockers Dosage;
1 drop bid to affected eye.
Name some Prostaglandins (hormone derived med)
Xalatan (latanoprost)
Lumigan (bimatoprost)
Travatan (travosprost)
(Prostaglandins)
Xalatan (latanoprost)
Lumigan (bimatoprost)
Travatan (travosprost) MOA;
Increase outflow of aqueous humor, decrease IOP.
(Prostaglandins)
Xalatan (latanoprost)
Lumigan (bimatoprost)
Travatan (travosprost) Indication;
Open Angle Glaucoma
Ocular HTN
(Prostaglandins)
Xalatan (latanoprost)
Lumigan (bimatoprost)
Travatan (travosprost) ADR;
Blurred vision, burning, tearing, edema, change of eye color, pain, itching, CP/Angina.
(Prostaglandins)
Xalatan (latanoprost)
Lumigan (bimatoprost)
Travatan (travosprost) CI;
Hypersensitivity
(Prostaglandins)
Xalatan (latanoprost)
Lumigan (bimatoprost)
Travatan (travosprost) Precautions;
Wait 5 min between eye meds
do not use w/contact lenses
Preg Cat C
Xalatan is strored in refrigerator
(Prostaglandins)
Xalatan (latanoprost)
Lumigan (bimatoprost)
Travatan (travosprost) Dosage;
1 drop in AE qhs
Name some Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors;
Trusopt (dorzolamide)
Azopt (brinzolamide)
Daranide (dichlorphenamide
Diamox pills (acetazolamide)
(Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors)
Trusopt (dorzolamide)
Azopt (brinzolamide)
Daranide (dichlorphenamide
MOA;
Inhaibits carbonic anhydrase
Increases electrolyte/water excretion
Decreases production of aqueous humor
(Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors)
Trusopt (dorzolamide)
Azopt (brinzolamide)
Daranide (dichlorphenamide
Indications;
Open Angle Glaucoma
Ocular HTN
(Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors)
Trusopt (dorzolamide)
Azopt (brinzolamide)
Daranide (dichlorphenamide
ADR;
Burning, stinging, blurred vision, allergic rxn, bitter taste.
(Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors)
Trusopt (dorzolamide)
Azopt (brinzolamide)
Daranide (dichlorphenamide
CI;
Hypersensitivity
(Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors)
Trusopt (dorzolamide)
Azopt (brinzolamide)
Daranide (dichlorphenamide
Precautions;
Sulfa allergy
Preg Cat C
Trusopt (dorzolamide)
Azopt (brinzolamide)
Dosage;
1 drop to AE tid
(Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors)
Diamox Sequels (acetazolamide) MOA;
Works on carbonic anhydrase in the kidneys, excretion of electrolytes & water.
(Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors)
Diamox Sequels (acetazolamide)Indications;
Open Angle Glaucoma
Acute Angle Closure