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100 Cards in this Set

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additive
combination of 2 drugs gives the maximum effect of each drug
amphetamine
central nervous system stimulant
antidote
agent given to counteract the unwanted effect of a drug
antihistamine
drug which blocks the action of histamine in the body and helps to prevent allergic reactions
barbiturate
sedative and hypnotic
contraindications
factors in a pt's condition which prevent the use of a particular drug or tx
cumulation
administration of small repeated doses of a drug that the drug builds up in the body
depressant
agent that reduces functional activity
FDA
gov't agency having the legal responsibility for enforcing proper drug manufacture and clinical uses
hospital formulary
reference listing of drugs and their appropriate clinical uses
hypnotic
drug which produces sleep
idiosyncrasy
rare toxic effect produced in a particularly sensitive individual but not seen in most pts
interstitial
the IV fliud is running into the tissue, not the vein
narcotic
habit forming drug used for acute pain which can cause stupor or insensibility
parenteral administration
administration of drugs by injection into the skin, muscles or veins
phenothiazines
major tranquilizers used for control of psychosis
sedative
mild hypnotic drug: relaxing but not necessarily producing sleep
side effect
toxic effect which routinely results from the used of a drug
stimulant
an agent which excites and promotes functional activity
tolerance
condition of becoming resistant to the action of a drug
toxicity
harmful effects of a drug
tranquilizers
drugs used to control anxiety
D5W
5% dextrose in water
5%D/S
5% dextrose in saline
2/3 - 1/3
2/3 dextrose 1/3 saline (code 8)
Normal Saline
saline solution (.9 Na/Cl)
5% G/R
5% glucose in ringers
D/5 1/2 N saline
5% dextrose in water with .45 NaCl
Percocet Demi
Oxycodone
Percodan
Oxycodone
Dilaudid
Hydromorphone
Codeine
Codeine
Demerol
Meperidine
Hycodan
Hydrocodone
Tylenol #3
Acetaminophen and 30mg Codeine
Morphine
Morphine
Darvon N
Propoxyphene
Talwin
Pentazocine
Apirin
Acetylsalicylic Acid (ASA)
Advil
Ibuprophen
Motrin
Ibuprophen
Tylenol P
Acetaminophen
Atasol
Acetaminophen
Entrophen
ASA Enteric Coated
Indocid
Indomethacin
Naprosyn
Naproxen
Toradol
Ketorolac
Voltaren
Diclofenac
Dilantin
Phenytoin
Phenobarbital
Phenobarbital
Rivotril
Clonzepam
Tegretol
Carbamazepine
Sinemet
Carbidopa-Levodopa
Cogentin
Benztropine
Comtan
Entacapone
Buspar
Buspirone
Ativan
Lorazepam
Halcion
Triazolam
Serax
Oxazepam
Valium
Diazepam
Xanax
Alprazolam
Largactil
Chlorpromazine
Haldol
Haloperidol
Mellaril
Thioridazine
Lithium
Lithium
Risperdal
Risperidone
Stelazine
Trifluroperazine
Clozapine
Clozaril
Elavil
Amitriptyline
Effexor
Venlafaxine
Paxil
Paroxetine
Celexa
Citalopram
Prozac
Fluoxetine
Zoloft
Sertraline
Analgesics
given for relief of pain
Narcotic Analgesics
given for acute pain
Analgesic Antipyretic
given for mild to moderate pain and may also be used as an antipyretic and/or imflammatory
Anti-inflammatory or NSAID
used primarily for disorders of the joints, such as rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis
Anticonvulsants
given for the tx of seizures
Antiparkinsons Agents
used for the tx of Parkinson's disease
Anxiolytics
administered to relieve anxiety and tension
Antipsychotics
given to reduce mental tension and anxiety related to psychotic disorders
Antidepressants
used to relieve depression
General Anaesthetic
produce unconsciousness with muscle relaxation and suppression of reflexes
Local Anaesthetic
produce loss of sensation in a limited area of the body by "deadening" the nerves in that area
Epidural
anaesthetic injected into the lower back to produce anaesthesia from the area of injection down
Prelone
Predisolone
Solucortef
Hydrocortisone
Deltasone
Prednisone
Decadron
Dexamthasone
DiaBeta
Glyburide
Glucophage
Metformin
Diabenese
Chlorpropramide
Humulin N
Humulin N
Humulin R
Humulin R
Humulog
Insulin Lispro
Lantus
Glargine
Glucocorticoids
used to treat inflammatory conditions and severe allergic reactions
Oral Hypoglycemics
control hyperglycemia in stable or mild conditions of Diabetes Mellitus
Insulins
control insulin levels