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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Scope of Pharmaceutical Calculations
Chemical purity, physical properties, and biological properties of drugs, pharmaceutical ingredients, and dosage forms
Drug stability and rates of drug degradation
Rates of ADME
Dosage, based on individual patient characteristics
Pharmaceutical formulations of various production batches
Individual prescriptions and medication orders
Various parameters of drug dynamics, clinical effectiveness, and safety in patient population
Statistical presentation and analysis of sociological and economic impact of drug therapy
Outline: Pharmaceutical Calculations
Some Fundamental of Measurement and Calculation (Roman Numbers; Significant Figures; Percentage Error; Aliquot method)
Interpretation of Prescription and Medication Order
Metric and Common Systems
Calculations of Doses
Reducing and Enlarging
Percentage and Ratio Strength
Dilution and Concentration
Rate of Flow of IV fluids
Temperature Scales
Some Fundaments of Measurement & Calculation
Numerals: Number, Arabic and Roman Numerals
Significant Figures
Percentage of Error
Aliquot Method of Weighing and Measuring
Least Weighable Quantity Method of Weighing
Number
A total quantity of units, e.g., 4 g
Numerals
A word or sign expressing number
Arabic Numerals
0 - 9 ten figures; Decimal system
Roman Numerals: 8 letters of alphabet; Positional notation
8 letters of alphabet; Positional notation
ss
1/2
I or i
1
V or v
5
X or x
10
L or l
50
C or c
100
D or d
500
M or m
1000
Roman Number Rules
Rules
sum of their value if successively equal or smaller
sum of value remaining after each smaller value has been subtracted from that of a following greater values
Roman Numbers
Sum of their value if successively equal or smaller
Sum of value remaining after each smaller value has been subtracted from that of a following greater values