Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
During and after what four events must all AF members be able to use Full Spectrum Threat Response (FSTR) and/or first aid?
1) Major accidents 2) terrorist use of WMD 3) natural disasters 4) attacks with NBCC weapons.
The FSTR program requires cross-functional interaction. what eigbht aspects does it integrate?
1) procedures and standards for planning 2) logistical requirements 3) emergency response actions 4) exercises and evaluation 5) personnel training 6) detection, identification and warning 7) notification 8) enemy attack actions.
conventional attack threats only exist where threats of nuclear, bilogical and chemical (NBC) attack exist. T/F
False (they may be present where NBC threats do not exist.)
The first few moments of a conventional attack often determine your survival. What is the most effective individual protective equipment (IPE) for a conventional attack?
The helmet and personal body armor.
What incidents are categorized as major accidents.
Incidents involving hazardous material (HAZMAT), aircraft, ammunition, explosives, transportation, facility emergencies and industrial accidents.
nuclear threats within any theater of war only involve the exchange of strategic nuclear weapons. T/F
False. (they can exist without it.)
What are 4 possible results of chemical warfare?
It 1) achieves surprise 2) causes mass casualities that hinder the momenttum of operations 3) disrupts command, control and communications 4) degrades war-fighting potential.
The wide availability of _____ gives them great potential as tools for asmmetric attacks against air bases.
TIM (toxic industrial materials)
______ warfare counters an adversary's strengths by focusing on its actual or perceived weaknesses.
What kind o forces are required to defend against NBC attack and sustain operations in an NBC enviornment?
Knowledgeable and properly trained and equipped forces througout the theater of operations.
What are the three major NBC passive defense program elements?
1) Contamination avoidance 2) protection 3) contamination control
What is the prupose of contamination avoidance in an NBC environment?
Minimizing the impact of NBC contamination and hazards on operations.
When NBCC contamination cannot be avoided, _____ provides forces with survival measures necessary for operation.
How is protection provided in an NBCC environment?
through individual protection, collective protection and hardening.
What measures comprise individual protection in an NBCC environment?
Use of IPE, vaccinations and prophylaxis, protective shelters, evacuation, relocation, exposure control, contamination control, and warning and notification systems (and/or a combination).
What determines which protection measures are taken in an NBCC environment?
The ungency and nature of the threat.
What directs the proper individual protective postures in an NBCC environment?
Command and theater-specific instructions.
What is the best immediate protective equipment against chemical agents - regardless of the type of the agent, concentration or method of attack?
The ground crew ensemble (GCE)
What are the components of the GCE?
A protective mask with filters, overgarment, protective gloves and footwear covers or overboots. it also includes M8 and M9 detector paper and M291 and M295 decontamination kits.
What is the prupose of collective protection and conventional hardening measures in an NBCC environment?
To further enhance survival, limit attack damage and contamination, and support mission sustainment.
How are hardening measures selected in an NBCC environment?
Based upon the expected threat, unit mission and resources needing protection.
What combines standard disease prevention, traditional NBC contamination avoidance and decontamination measures?
Contamination control.
Decontamination will reduce or eliminate most common air base contamination hazards, but will not reduce the need for personnel decontamination. T/F
False. (Personnel decontamination requirements will be significantly reduced.)
What are the three phases of attack?
1) Pre-attack 2) trans-attack 3) post-attack.
What is the focus of each of the three phases of attack?
Pre-attack actions prepare the base for attack. Trans-attack actions focus on individual and weapons system survival. Post-attack actions save lives, detect and mitigate hazards, and restore and sustain the mission.
What center is the installation's primary command and control nerve during an attack?
The wing operations center. (it works in conjuction with the survival recovery center (SRC) and unit control centers (UCCs).)
What does the WOC do during an attack?
It implements operational plans and priorties, controls and monitors mission-generation capabilities, and ensures installation surivivability.
What must personnel know to take protective actions in response to the base warning signals in all the phases of attack?
The alarm colors codes, audible signals and/or supplemental information.
At what levels, and during what attack force protection conditions (FPCONs), are contamination avoidance measures employed?
At all levels and during all FPCONs.
Commanders implement ________ - ________ mission-oriented protective postures (MOPPs).
Why are air base sectors and zones determined for passive defense?
For rapid reconnaissance.
When do trans-attack actions occur?
Immediately before and during an enemy attack.
Why do commanders declare alarm conditions during attacks?
To initiate passive defense actions.
Alerm condition green exists if you hear "alarm green" or see a green flag. what does it indicate?
Attack is not probable.
Alarm condition yellow exists if you hear "alarm yellow" or see a yellow flag. What does it indicate?
Attack is probable in fewer than 30 minutes.
Alarm condition red exists if you hear "alarm red", hear a wavering tone on the siren or see a red flag. what does it indicate?
Attack by air or missle is imminent or in progress.
Alarm condition red exixts if you hear "ground attack", hear the call-to-arms on the bugle or see a red flag. What does it indicate?
Attack by ground forces is imminent or in progress.
Alarm condition black exixts if you hear "alarm black", hear a steady tone on the siren or see a black flag. What does it indiciate?
Attack is over and NBC contamination and/or UXO hazards are suspected or present.
What is the difference between alarm conditions and MOPP levels?
Alarm conditions initiate or limit individual and air base-wide movement and action. MOPP levels let individuals know what to wear for minimum protection.