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96 Cards in this Set

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What three developments transformed air and space power's effectiveness, although its fundamental beliefs remain sound?
1) contingency operations 2) space and information warfare 3) information technology
Airmen have tended to prefer improvisation in air and space doctrine, but why must planning and employment be understood and repeatable today?
because of the complex integration of our fighting elements, the complexity of joint and combined doctrine, and the uncertainty of rapidly developing contingency operations.
Which publication is the premier statement of our beliefs and the cornerstone from which all AF doctrine flows?
AFDD 1, AF Basci Doctrine. (it expresses our service's identity)
Define air and space doctrine.
A statement of officially sanctioned beliefs war-fighting principles and terminology that describes and guides the proper military use of air and space forces.
Air and space doctrine is based on what four experiences?
1) Actual combat operations 2) actual contingency operations 3) experiments 4) exercises
Doctrine provides a common frame of reference regarding the best way to do what?
Prepare and employ air and space forces.
Should you apply doctrine jjudiciously of follow it to the letter?
Use it judiciously. (do not dismiss it out off hand, but don't follow it blindly.)
What are the 3 levels of air and space doctrine?
1) Basic 2) operational 3) tactical
Which level of doctrine states the fundamental, broad and enduring beliefs that describe and guide the proper use, presentation and organization of air and space forces in military action?
Basic doctrine. (it is the fondation for all air and space doctrine and sets the tone and vision for future doctrine.
Which level of doctrine describes the organization of air and space forces in more detail and applies basic doctrine's principles to military actions?
Operational doctrine.
Tactical doctrine describes the proper employment of specific AF asssets to accomplish detailed objectives. does it deal with employing assets individually or in concert with other assets?
Both individually and in concert. (it is closely associated with empoloyment of technology.
Which level of doctrine changes relatively slowly? which may change rapidly?
Basic doctrine changes slowly. Tactical doctrine may change rapidly.
What unique capability does the USAF's inherent speed, range and flexibility provide?
The ability to project national influence anywhere in the world on very short notice.
Key doctrine concepts build upon each other, progressing from broad concepts to specific applications. What image helps you visualize this?
The doctrine concept funnel
Which key doctrine concept encompasses "those aspects of warfare that are universally true and relevant," providing general guidance on applying military force?
Principles of war
Unity of command (a principle of war) concentrates effort for all objectives under how many commanders?
Why must airpower be controlled centrally by an airman?
Because airpower's theater and global range imposes responsibilities that require the integration of centralized and control under an airman.
Which principle of war shapes priorities and avoids fragmenting force elements?
Objective. (it directs operations toward a defined and attainable goal that contributes to strategic, operational and tactical aims.)
Name the pronciple of war that seizes, retians and exploits the initiative.
Which principle of war concentrates combat power at the most advantageous place and time to achieve decisive results?
Which principle of war places the enemy at a disadvantage through the flexible application of combat power in a multidimensional combat space?
The principle of war "_____ of force" judicously employs and distributes forces, allocating minimum essential resources to secondary efforts.
"Economy of force."
What is the greatest vulnerability for air and space power employment?
Its misuse or misdirection, which can reduce its contribution more than enemy action.
Which principle of war never permits the enemy to acquire an unexpected advantage?
Security. (gaining and maintaining control of air, space and information media is crucial.)
Attacking the enemy at a time, place or in a manner for which it is not prepared demonstrates which principle of war?
Surprise. (air forces achieve suprise more readily than surface forces.)
Although military operations - especially joint operations - are often complex, which principle of war calls for avoiding unnecessary complexity in organizing, preparing, planning and conducting operations?
The ______ of air and space power are fundamental guiding truths specific to air and space forces.
The centralized control and ________ execution tenet of air and space power provides a critical theater-wide focus while allowing operational flexibility to meet theater objectives.
Decentralized. (the most effective employment of air and space power.)
Which two principles of war are assured by the tenet of centralized control and decentrailized execution?
Unity of command (concentration of effort) and economy of force.
Which aspect of the tenet of flexibility and versatitily exploits mjass and maneuver?
Which tenet of air and space power is the proper application of a coordinated force to produce effects exceeding those of individually employed forces?
Synergistic effects.
Destorying a large number of targets through attrition warfare is rarely the key objective in modern war. What is?
The percise, coordinated application of various elements of air, space and surface power to bring disproportionate pressure to comply with our national will on enemy leaders.
Air, space and information operations may be conducted continuously against a broad spectrum of targets. Air and space forces can visit and revisit wide ranges of targets nearly at will. These are examples of which tenet?
Why is the tenet "concentration of purpose" crucial for airmen?
Because airmen must guard against inadvertently dispersing air and space power due to high demand.
Why must air and space power be prioritized?
So demands for forces don't overwhelm air commanders.
List the five considerations an air commander should balance against the risk to friendly air and space forces.
1) Combat opportunity 2) necessity 3) effectiveness 4) efficiency 5) accomplishing assigned objectives.
List the three core competencies that are the fondation upon which we organize, train and equip.
1) Developing airmen 2) technology to war-fighting 3) integrating operations.
The AF contributes unique essential capabilities to joint war-fighting, bujt all four service branches must be integgrated to achieve success. (T/F)
True (this is a core competency.)
Name the two sources of AF's distincitive capabilities.
Functions 1) best accomplished only by air and space forces 2) that are most benefficial to the nation when performed by air and space forces.
Which distinctive capability allows freedom to attack as well as freedom from attack?
Air and space superiority. (air, land, sea and space operations' success depends on it)
Define the distinctive capability of information superiority.
The ability to collect, control, exploit and defend information while denying the ability to an adversary.
Which service shares the AF's ability to attack rapidly, persistently and with a wide range of munitions anywhere on the globe at any time?
None. (global attack is a distinctive capability unique to the AF.)
Can the responsiveness of air and space forces be instantaneous?
Yes (depending on the system required and assigned mission.)
Precision ______ commands, controls and employs discriminate force precisely to cause specific strategic, operational or tactical effects.
Which operational function describes the overall vision for striking the enemy?
Strategic attack.
Name the operational function that attains and maintains air superiority by destroying, degrading or disrupting enemy forces.
The operational function ______ uses kinetic and nonkinetic operations to attain and maintain space superiority by destroying, degrading or disrupting enemy space capability.
Counterspace. (it has offensive and defensive components.)
What 2 discrete air operations does the operational function "counterland" provide the JFC?
1) air interdiction (AI) - air meneuver indirectly supporting land maneuver 2) CAS - air maneuver directly supporting land maneuver
Which operational function's actions influence, affect or defend information, systems and/or decisionmaking across the battlespace?
C2 is an operational function. What is the difference between command and control?
Command is both the legal authority exercised over subordinates by virtued of rank or assignment and the art of motivating/directing people and organizations to accomplish missions. control is the process and system commanders use to plan and guide operations.
Which operational function transports personnel and materiel through the air?
Airlift. (it can be applied across all military operations and can achieve tactical through strategic effects.)
Why is air fefueling considered a force enabler? A force multiplier?
It is a force enabler because it increases range/endurance. it is a force miltiplier because it prevents aircraft from sacrificing payload for fuel.
What does the operational function spacelift deliver to space?
Satellites, payloads and materiel.
Which DOD service operates US launch facilities?
The AF.
Name three special airpower operations under the operational function special operations.
1) Denied teritory mobility 2) surgical firepower 3) special tactics.
Which operational function results from the collection, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation and interpretation of available information about foreign countries and areas?
Which aspect of the operational function surveillance and reconnaissance is continual and not oriented to a specific target?
Which operational function is an element of personnel recovery (PR) and recovers isolated personnel during war or military operations other than war (MOOTW)?
CSAR (it uses a mix of dedicated and augmenting assets.)
What does the operational function "navigation and positioning" provide?
Accurate location and time off reference for strategic, operational and tectical operations.
What three systems do navigation and positioning rely on?
1) space-based GPS 2) airborne-based air-to-surface radar 3) various ground-based navigation aids.
Which operational function supplies commanders with timely and accurate space and atmospheric environmental information?
Weather services.
The operational function _______ _______ consists of essential capabilities, functions, activities and tasks that create and sustain air and space forces.
Combat support. (includes procurement, maintenance, distribution and replacement of personnel and materiel.)
The AF organizes, deploys and employs using organizational pronciples based on _________.
What concept does the AF follow when presenting its forc capabilities to satisfy commander requirements?
The air and space expeditionary force (AEF) concept.
The AF organizes, trains, equips and susttains itself according to the AEF concept by creating a mindset and culture that embraces the unique characteristics of aerospace power. List these four characteristics.
1) Range 2) speed 3) felxibility 4) precision
What are the two fundamental principles of the AEF concept?
to 1) provide trained and ready aerospace forces for national defense 2) meet national commitments through a structured approach that enhances Total Corce readiness and sustainment.
The AF uses a combination of forward stationed forces and rotational forces, "AEF forces." Do AEF forces include all USAF forces worldwide?
Yes. (including those permanently assigned combatant command (COCOM) to combatant commanders.)
The AF organized its Total force into how many AEFs?
10 AEFs (5 AEF pairs).
To maintain a sustainable rotational rhythm, how many AEFs are tasked at any time?
Two (however all 10 are "on the line at anytime," ready to meet operations plan (OPLAN) requirements.)
The AF presents forces to the combatant commander as _________.
AETFs (air and space expeditionary task forces).
What are the 3 levels within the AETF?
1) air and space expeditionary wings (AEW) 2) air and space expeditionary groups (AEG) 3) air and space expeditionary squadrons (AES).
AETFs may consist of a single AEW or AEG or may be a ______ consiting of multiple AEWs, AEGs or both.
NEAF (numbered expeditionary air force).
An AETF is mission-oriented, task-organized and scalable. Who commands it?
The Commander, Air Force Forces (COMAFFOR).
Does an AEW or an AEG normally establish and operate an airbase?
An AEW uses a combat wing sturcture for what groups?
Operations, maintenance, medical and mission support groups. (also, normally two or three aviation or operations squadrons and an associated operations support squadron.)
A(n) _______ is normally the smallest AETF presented.
Normally deployed as a tenant unit or to conduct nonflying missions, what does an AEG normally consist of?
One or two operations, maintenance, and mission-specific expeditionary combat support (ECS) squadron.
The _________ is the basic war-fighting organization of the AF and the building block of the AETF.
The 20-month AEF lifecycle includes periods of normal training, preparation and on-call or deployment eligibility. How long is each of these 3 periods?
1) normal training is 14 months 2) preparation is 2 months 3) on call or deployment eligibility is 4 months.
Which period of the AEF lifecycle may include JCS, AF or MAJCOM exercises and contigency and deployment training?
Normal training.
What does the deployment preparation period of the AEF lifecycle focus on?
Area of responsibility (AOR) specific events for the on-call or deployment eligibility period, if known.
The oncall or dployment period is based on a(n) ______ environment where all requirements are known adn can be met with the forces allocated within the AEF pair.
Which forces, with different operating or operations tempo (OPTEMPO) management standards, must be managed carefully to support the AEFs?
Limited forces in the enabler library. (they may not rotate on the normal 4-month on-call or deployment schedule.)
The AEF alignes existing capabilities into sustainable force packages. what happens when combatant commander requirements exeed forces readily avilable in sustainable (on-call) force packages?
The trigger point is passed and the force enters surge operations.
A(n) ______ is an accumulation of contingency commitments (coming from a single operation or a number of smaller contingencies) that exceed the current on-call force packages.
Entering surge normally requires a subsequent period of ______ _________ that may affect future steady-state or rotational availability.
force reconsistution.
when do reconsistution, maintenance and modification, composite force exercises, inspections, etc., occur during the AEF rotational cycle?
During the 14-month normal training period.
How long is surging beyond 2 AEFs sustainable?
6-12 months
How many AEFs can meet limited surge operations for crisis response and return to the normal AEF rotation with limited impact?
Using more than 4 AEFs is called _______ surge.
maximum surge. (it results in significant future capability shortfalls as the AEF is reconstituted.)
The normal AEF battle rhythm still requires reconstitution and tiered readiness. T/F
False. (it avoids the need for reconstitution and tiered readiness.)
Minimal reconstitution is needed for an AEF surge of no more than four AEFs for _______ months or less.
15 months. (the remaining AEF pair is extended to 179 days to allow the other to recoup lost training time.)
List several near-term adjustments that may be necessitated by reconstitution actions during the AEF cycle.
Extended tour length, reaching forward into subsequent AEFs, temporary continuation of mobilization and acdeptance or some increased risk.
The AEF provides members predictability in deployment eligibility in each cycle. Does it guarantee the member or unit 15 months between cycle rotations?
When should members PCS to avoid conflicting with their AEF eligibility period?
Preferable imediately before the losing unit's AEF eligibility period of following the first AEF eligibility at the gaining base.
Personnel returing from an unaccompanied oversea assignment are not eligible for an AEF deployment until they have ______ months on station.
Six months.