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95 Cards in this Set

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Who makes national military policy decisions?
Civilians assigned to the military and the executive and legislative branches of government.
What establishes the basic principle of civilian control of the Armed Forces?
The US Constitution.
As CINC, the President has the final command authority. How is this authority limited?
As head of the executive branch, he or she is subject to the "checks and balances" of the legislative and judical branches.
What did the National Security Act of 1947 establish?
The DoD.
What is the Dod's function?
To maintain and employ the Armed Forces.
Who formulates general defense policy (and all policies concerning the DoD) and executes approved policy as principal defense policy advisor to the President?
The Secretary of Defense. (Appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate)
To whom does the SecDef provide written policy guidance?
The heads of DOD components, Chairman, Secretaries of the military departments and commanders of the combatant commands.
The operational chain of command runs from the president to the SecDef to who?
Combatant commanders.
What is the most important advisory body working directly with the SecDef?
The Armed Forces Policy Council.
Name the four Under secretaries of Defense.
1) Policy 2) Comptroller 3)Personnel and Readiness 4) Acquisition and Technology
Who is the principal military advisor to the President, National Security Council and the SecDef?
CJCS (He or she may also be assigned oversight of the combatant commands.)
How is the CJCS selected?
The President selects and appoints the CJCS from the offficers of the regular components of the Armed Forces.
Does the CJCS exercise military command over the JCS or the Armed Forces?
No
What allows the President to authorize communications through the CJCS?
A provision of the Goldwater-Nichols DoD Reorganization Act of 1986.
The JCS provides strategic direction for the Armed Forces, reviews major materiel and personnel requirements, and establishes joint doctrine. What are its other responsibilities?
Assigning logistic responsibilities, formulating joint training policies and coordinating military education.
Who serves as a menber of, as well as presides over, the JCS?
The CJCS. (He or she also furnishes the recommendations and views of the JCS to the President, National Security council of the SecDef.)
Why do the service chiefs delegate many of thier duties to thair vice chiefs of staff while retaining overall responsibility?
Because their JCS duties take precedence over all other duties.
Who assists members of the JCS with strategic direction, unified operation of combatant commands and integration of all land, navel and air forces?
The Joint Staff (over 1,500 military and civilian personnel drawn from the Army, Navy, Marines and Air Force).
Direction of the Joint Staff exclusively rests with who?
The CJCS
Who establishes unified combatant commands?
The President, assisted by the CJCS through the SecDef.
Who deploys, directs, controls and coordinates the actions of the unified combatant commands's forces; conducts joing training exercises; and controls certain support functions?
The combatant commander. (Responsible to both the SecDef and President.)
A unified combatant command has a broad, continuing mission with forces drawn from two or more military departments. How are they organized?
On a geographical and functional basis.
Once a force is assigned to a unified command, who has the authority to transfer it?
The SecDef. (or under special procedures witht he President's approval.)
What type of command consists of forces from more than one allied nation?
Combined commands.
Under what term does a combaned command normally operate?
Terms of a treaty, alliance or bilateral agreement between or among the nations concerned.
Who provides efficiently organized, trained and equipped ready forces to combatant commanders?
The military departments and service secretaries.
The traditional roles and missions of each branch of service are called what?
Functions.
What agreement between the SecDef and JCS established the functions for each branch of the Armed Forces?
The Key West Agreement of 1948. (revised in 1953 and 1958.)
Identify the three general functions of the Armed Forces.
1) Support and defend the US Constitution 2) ensure the security of the US, it possessions and areas vital to its interests 3) uphold and advance US policies and interests.
Name several specific functions military departments share.
1) Preparing forces and establishing reserves 2) maintaining mobile reserve forces 3) budgeting 4) administering funds 5) helping each other accomplish their respective functions.
The Department of the Air Force consists of what divisions?
The Office of the Secretary of the Air Force (SECAF), the Air Staff and field units.
The Air Force prepares the air and space forces necessary for what actions?
1) Effective prosecution of war 2) military operations short of war 3) expanding peacetime components to meet the needs of war.
The air Force organizes, trains, equips and provides forces for what seven primary functions?
1) Air and space combat operations 2) strategic air and missile warfare 3) joint amphibious, space and airborne operations 4) CAS and air logistic support for Army and other forces 5) air and space lines of communications 6) support and conduct of psychological operations 7) effective electronic warfare operations
Who is responsible for acquisition and auditing, comptroller issues, financial management, inspector general (IG) matters, and legislative and public affairs?
The Office of the SECAF.
List the Department of the Air Force field units.
MAJCOMs, field operating agencies (FOAs) and direct reporting units (DRUs).
The Air Force is organized on a _________ basis in the US and on a _________ basis overseas.
Functional; geographical
________ are major Air Force subdivisions, directly subordinate to HQ USAF.
MAJCOMs. (they are interrelated and complementary, providing offensive, defensive and support elements.)
What kind of command consists (in whole or in part) of strategic, tactical, space or defensive forces, or of flying forces that directly support such forces?
Operational commands.
What type of command provides supplies, weapon systems, support systems, operational support equipment, combat material, maintenance, surface transportation, education and training, or special services to the AF and/or other supported organizations?
Support commands.
Which MAJCOM is the promary provider of air combat forces to war-fighting commands?
Air Combar Command. (activated 1 June 1992, HQ at Langley AFB, VA)
What is ACC's mission?
Conduction global information operations and operating fighters, bombers, reconnaissance, battle management, electronic-combat aircraft and command, control, communications and intelligence systems.
Which MAJCOM provides rapic, flexible and responsive air mobility to promote regional stability and provide America's global reach?
Air Mobility Command (created 1 June 1992, HQ at Scott AFB, IL)
What is AMC's primary mission?
Rapid global mobility and sustainment for America's Armed Forces (as well as humanitarian support at home and around the world)
What services does AMC provide for all the Armed Forces?
Tactical and strategic airlift and aerial refueling.
Which MAJCOM defends America through space and ICBM operations and takes the lead in implementing the air and space expeditionary forces (AEF) organizational structure?
Air Force Space Command. (created 1 Sep 1982, HQ at Peterson AFB, CO)
What is AFSPC's mission?
Ensuring access to and exploiation of space and space-based capabilities for the war-fighter. (it has cradle-to-grave responsibilities for space systems.)
AFSPC develops, operates and supports space capabilities in what four mission areas?
1) Space force snhancement 2) space support 3) space control 4) space force application.
What is the critical component of America's on-alert strategic forces?
More than 500 Minuteman III and Peacekeeper missiles.
Which MAJCOM is the principal air component of USPACOM?
Pacific Air Forces. (HQ at Hickam AFB, HI)
What is PACAF's primary mission?
To provide ready air and space power to promote US interests in the Asia-pacific region during peacetime, crises or war.
Which MAJCOM has a mission to command, deploy and sustain AEFs to execute the full wspectrum of military operations?
US AF in Europe. (HQ at Ramstein AB, GE, it is the principal air component of the unified ESEUCOM)
What is USAFE's role during peacetime?
To organize, train, equip and usstain forces to produce the specific capabilities needed to act unilaterally or in concert with coalition partners to enhance the security of NATO and its partners or to advance US interests.
What is USAFE's role during wartime conditions?
To provide expeditionary forces (usually as part of an intergrated Joint Force) to achieve US national, NATO and coalition objectives.
The realignment of Air training command and Air Univerisy led to the establishment of which MAJCOM on 1 Jul 1993?
Air Education and Training command. (HQ at Randolph AFB, TX, it is the free world's largest training system.)
Describe AETC's mission.
It recruits new people into the Air Force and provides them with military, technical and flying training. it provides precommissioning, professional military and continuing education.
Which MAJCOM was formed through the reoganization of AF lLogistics Command and AF System Command?
AF Materiel Command. (created 1 Jul 1992; HQ at Wright-Patterson AFB, OH)
What is AFMC's mission?
Delivering war-winning expeditionary capabilities to the war-fighter through technology, acquisition support and sustainment.
AFMC's operating budget represents ______% of the AF budget and empoloys more than 40% of the AF's total civilian workforce.
47%
Which MAJCOM provides combat search and rescue and delivers special operations power anytime, anywhere?
AF Special Operations Command. (established 22 May 1990; HQ at Hurlburt Field, FL.)
What are AFSOC's core missions?
1) Aerospace surface interface 2) agile combat support 3) combat aviation advisory operations 4) information warfare 5) personnel recovery and recovery operations 6) precision aerospace fires 7) psychological operations 8) specilized aerospace mobility 9) specialized refueling.
Which command provides citizen airmen to defend the US and protect its interests through air and space power?
AF Reserve Command (Previously an FOA, it became a MAJCOM on 17 Feb 1997; HQ at Robinx AFB, GA)
What is the AFRC vision?
Citizen airmen fully engaged in global vigilance, reach and power.
The National Guard is a MAJCOM. T/F
False (it is a very important component of the total force in offensive, defensive and relief operations.)
Who Admisisters the ANG
The National Guard Bureau (a joing bureau of the departments of the Army and AF) located at the Pentagon, Washington, DC.
What is the ANG's federal mission?
To maintian well-trained and well-equipped units for prompt mobilization during war and to assist during national emergencies.
What is the ANG's federal mission during peacetime?
Its combat-ready and support units are assigned to most AF MAJCOMs to carrry out misions compatible with training, mobilization readiness and contigency operations.
How much of the AF's tactical airlift support, combat communications functions, aeromedical evacuations and aerial refueling are provided by the ANG?
Almost half. (it has a total responsibility for the air defense of the entire US)
What is the ANG's state mission (when not mobilized or under federal control)?
The protection of life and property and the preservation of peace, order and public safety.
Who do ANG units report to when not moblized or under federal control?
The governor of their respective state, territory or the commanding general fo the District of Columbia National Guard.
Who are the promary sources of full-time support for ANG units?
Dual-status military technicians and guardsmen on active duty.
______ are subdivisions of the AF directly subordinate to a HQ USAF functional manager.
FOAs.
FOA activities are specialized or associated with an AF wide mission. When do they include functions performed in management HQ (such as AMC)?
Only when specifically directed by a DoD authority.
What are direct reporting units (DRUs)?
AF subdivisions directly subordinate to the CSAF. They perform missions that don't fit into any of the MAJCOMs and have many of the same admisistrative and organizational responsibilities as a MAJCOM.
In descending order, list the levels of comamnd below the MAJCOMs.
NAF, wing, group, squadron, and flight.
NAFs are _________ echelons, providing operational leadership and supervision. They are not management HQ and don't have complete functional staffs.
Tactical
A(n) ___________ has a distinct mission with significant scope and is responsible for maintaining the installation of has several squadrons in more than one dependent group.
Wing
Name the three types of wings.
1) Operational 2) air base 3) specialized mission.
What is an operational wing?
A wing with an operations group and related operational mission activity assigned to it. (if it performs the promary mission of the base, it usually maintains and operates the base.)
Which type of wind performs a support function rather than operational mission and maintains and operates a base.
An air base wing.
Which type of wing may be eiher a host or tenant wing and usually does not have aircraft or missiles assigned to it?
A specialized mission wing (i.e., intelligence wings, training wings, etc...)
A(n) ________ usually has two or more subordinate units.
Group
Explain the difference between a dependent group and an independent group.
A dependent group is a mission, logistics, support, medical or large functional unit (such as a civil engineering group). An independent group has the same functions and responsibilities as a like-type wing, but not wing level scope and size.
What is the basic unit in the AF?
The squadron. (may be either a mission or afunctional unit.)
Which flight is the lowest level unit in the AF, incorporating smaller elements into an organized unit?
Numbered flight.
Which flights are usually parts of a mission squadron composed of several elements that perform identical missions?
Alpha flights.
Are alpoha and functional flights subject to unit reporting?
No.
_____ flights are usually part of a squadron composed of elements that perform specific missions.
Functional.
What two elements are called the air reserve component (ARC)?
The ANG and AFR.
Under what policy are both active and reserve assets considered parts of a single US military resource?
The Total Force policy established by the DoD in 1973.
When determining an appropriat force mix, what considerations are unique to ANG units?
Their dual state and federal missions.
Who has command jurisdicition for nonmobilized ANG units?
The governor of the state, commonwealth or possession (or the President in the District of Columbia.)
Who has command jurisdiction for nonmobilized AFR units.
The Commander, Air Force Reserve, who is responsible to the CSAF, in turn.
Who commands nonmobilized AFR individual mobilization agugmentees (IMAs)?
The unit of assignment.
When the President authorizes involuntary activation, who delegates authority to the gaining MAJCOM commander to order ANG and AFR forces to active duty?
The Secretary of the AF (SECAF)
When activated, who does operational command of ARC forces transfer to?
The gaining MAJCOM commander, who is also responsible for establishing training resources for all assigned ARC forces.