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105 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Software
-- Electronic instructions consisting of complex codes.
Users
-- People who use computer systems.
Data
-- The raw facts that the computer stores.
Processor
-- This is like the brain of the computer.
Motherboard
-- A rigid card containing the circuitry that connects the processor to the other hardware.
Magnetic Storage
-- A storage media that uses the properties of magnetized oxide to store data.
Optional Storage
-- Media that use lasers to read or write data to reflective surfaces.
Super computers
-- The most powerful of computer systems.
Mainframe computers
-- Large computer systems that are used by large organizations to allow multiple users access information.
Minicomputers
-- A smaller version of the mainframe that is easier to program and serves a number of users.
Personal Computers
-- What we refer to as a PC.
ARPANET
-- The basis of the Internet in that it connected universities and defense contractors for information sharing.
Host
-- A network computer that is like a network server and provides services to other computers that are attached to it.
Internet
-- The interlinking of many networks to form a global network.
TCP/IP
-- Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol that is the universal protocol for the Internet.
WWW
-- World Wide Web created in 1989 as a method for incorporating information into hypertext documents.
Web Browser
-- A software application designed to find hypertext documents on the Internet.
URLs
-- Uniform Resource Locator
E-Mail
-- An electronic form of mail that is usually sent from one user to another user or many other users based on their email addresses.
e-commerce
-- Electronic commerce is a way to allow consumers to order or purchase items on line.
Keyboarding
-- The ability to enter text by using all ten fingers.
Modifier Keys
-- Keys that are used to modify the input of other keys.
Cursor-movement Keys
-- Keys that allow you to move around the screen without entering any information directly on the screen.
Function Keys
-- Keys that can be programmed to allow you to input commands without typing.
Interrupt Request
-- A signal sent by the keyboard controller that informs the computer that you want it to do something.
Clicking
-- Pressing and releasing the mouse button once when on an icon.
Dragging
-- Holding an icon or section of text and dragging it across the screen to another location on the screen.
Game Controller
-- A mouse like pointing input device.
Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
-- The ability for software to translate the image into text in the computer.
Voice or Speech Recognition
-- The ability to talk to the computer and having the computer translate that speech into input that can be stored as data.
CRT
-- Cathode Ray Tube
Pixel
-- The screen's phosphor coating organized into a grid of dots.
LCD
-- Liquid Crystal Display replaces the CRT in some applications.
Digital Light Processing (DLP)
-- A projection based system for displaying the output of the computers monitor.
Sound Card
-- Translates digital sounds into electric current that is sent to speakers.
Dot Matrix Printers
-- A form of impact printing where a number of pins are used in a print head to create forms on paper.
Laser Printers
-- A fast printer that is quiet and faster then the dot matrix printer
Plotter
-- A special kind of printer that is used for charting and drawing.
Transistors
-- Tiny switches that are actually the brain of the computer.
Data
-- The term used to describe the information represented by an on/off condition of electronic switches.
Information
-- What the computer provides after interpreting the data.
Binary Number System
-- A number system base of 2.
Bit
-- Refers to the single switch in either the on or off mode.
Byte
-- A combination of eight Bits that represent a symbol or character.
EBCDIC
-- Extended Binary Code Decimal Interchange Code.
ASCII
-- American Standard Code Information Interchange.
Control Unit
-- The traffic cop for the flow of data through the computer.
CPU
-- Central Processing Unit or brain of the computer.
RAM
-- Random Access Memory.
ROM
-- Read Only Memory.
Polarized
-- How a magnetic media retains data.
Storage Devices
-- Where data is stored.
Formatting/Initializing
-- Creating a clean surface on a magnetic media for the storage of data.
Diskette
-- A 5.25 or 3.5 inch disk of magnetic media for storage of data that is removable from the computer.
Head Crash
-- When the read/write head makes physical contact with the magnetic media.
DAT
-- Digital audiotape that is used for its high storage capacity.
Throughput
-- A time measurement used to measure the devices data transfer rate.
Archive File
-- A compressed file containing unneeded data.
Icons
-- Pictures that represent the parts of the computers you work with.
Window
-- An area on your screen that contains a running program.
Dialog Boxes
-- Special purpose windows that appear when you need to tell a program what to do.
Clipboard
-- A temporary storage space in the computers memory.
OLE
-- Object Linking and Embedding feature.
Multitasking
-- The ability of a computer to do more then one job at a time.
Hierarchical File System
-- A way to have one file hold another file.
Utility Software
-- Software that works in concert with the operating system to perform special functions.
Windows
-- A series of operating systems for the IBM compatible personal computers.
Mac OS
-- The operating system for the Macintosh line of computers.
LINUX
-- "Freeware" multitasking operating system
DOS
-- Disk Operating System
UNIX
-- The operating system most frequently used for Internet host computers
Word wrap
-- The ability of a word processor to know where the end of the page is located and to continue writing on a new line without using the return key.
Fonts
-- Refers to the characteristics of the letter
Headers and Footer
-- These are lines of text that run along the top and bottom of every page.
Spell Checkers
-- A program that was created to catch spelling mistakes and correct them.
Worksheet
-- This is a document in which you work as you create the spreadsheet.
Labels
-- This is the text that is within the worksheet cells that are not numeric in nature.
Values
-- This is any number or formula that creates a number in a cell in the worksheet.
Functions
-- These are built-in formulas that come with spreadsheets.
Template
-- a predesigned document with layout
Cell
-- Intersection of any row and column
Textbox
-- resizable boxes to contain specific types of content.
WYSIWYG
-- What You See Is What You Get. (pronounced wizzy wig).
Incompatible
-- Cannot be used with.
DXF
-- Data Exchange Format.
IGES
-- Initial Graphics Exchange Specification.
Clip Art
-- Graphics that are available for copying to another document.
Photo-manipulation programs
-- A software program that works like a photographer's darkroom.
Draw Programs
-- Graphics programs that work like an artist's brush to create graphic designs.
CAD
-- Computer Aided Design is a computerized version of the hand drafting process that has been used for many years.
Computer generated imagery
-- Works like the artist's animation that was done via pencil and paper.
Data Communications
-- The electronic transfer of data between computers.
Network
-- A way to interconnect computers.
Read-only access
-- The ability to read data but not be able to change it.
E-mail
-- A system for exchanging written messages through a network.
Spooling
-- A way for several computers to send print jobs to a networked printer.
LAN
-- Local Area Network. Where computers are hard-wired together to form a network.
WAN
-- Wide Area Network. Where two or more LANs are connected together across a geographical area.
Server-based Networks
-- Where a number of PCs can use a single server as a storage device for programs and data.
Topology
-- The physical or logical layout of the cables and devices that connect nodes of the network.
Wireless Links
-- A form of communication that relies on radio or infrared signals.
Modem
-- A device that enables computers to interact over telephone or cable lines.
Database Management System (DBMS)
- A software tool that allows multiple users to store
Relational database
-- Database made up of a set of tables.
Flat file
-- A sequential database.