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58 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
AIDS
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome; a viral disease of the immune system that causes fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, loss of resistance to infection, and swollen glands
Alcoholism
a disease characterized by psychological and physical dependence on alcohol and the inability to control drinking
Amniotic sac
a protective membrane that surrounds the embryo and fetus
Anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder marked by constant dieting, rapid weight loss, and the illusion of being overweight in spite of weight loss
Arteries
blood vessels with a thick muscular wall that carry blood away from the heart
Benign tumor
a tumor that does not spread
Bulimia
an eating disorder characterized by episodes of extreme overeating followed by self-induced vomiting or use of laxative
Carbon dioxide
a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances
Carbon monoxide
a highly poisonous gas that is odorless and colorless
Chemotherapy
the use of chemical medications to fight cancer
Chromosomes
threadlike structures, found within cells, that carry the hereditary information from generation to generation
Compensation
a defense mechanism; making up for dissatisfaction in one area of life by excelling in another
Denial
defense mechanism; the refusal to recognize reality
Depressant
a drug that slows down nerve activity
Depression
a feeling of sadness, worthlessness, helplessness, or isolation
Dermis
the thick, inner layer of the skin
Diaphragm
the chief muscle used in breathing; it separates the chest cavity from the abdomen
Epidemic
the rapid spread or unusually extensive occurrence of a public health problem
Epiglottis
a thin, protective plate of flexible cartilage in front of the glottis (the space between the vocal cords); the epiglottis covers the opening to the larynx when you swallow, thus preventing food and liquid from entering the lower respiratory tract
Epilepsy
disorder of nerve cells in brain; seizures occur when cells release a sudden burst of electric energy
Episodic treatment
medical treatment given in a limited, irregular manner
Esophagus
a muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
Ethanol
a colorless volatile flammable liquid that is the intoxicating agent in liquors; it is also used as a solvent
Extrovert
a person who is very outgoing
Gonorrhea
a bacterial sexually transmitted disease
Gout
inflammation of joints due to buildup of uric acid; causes severe pain in elbow, knee, hand, or foot, as well as fever and inflamed skin; can lead to kidney disease and death if left untreated
Hallucinogen
a drug that causes hallucinations
HIV
the Human Immunodeficiency Virus that causes AIDS
Hypertension
condition in which blood pressure remains too high for a long period of time
Infatuation
a short-lived, intense interest in another person
Introvert
a person concerned mostly with his or her own thoughts
Isotonic exercises
exercised characterized by muscle contraction
Larynx
the voice box, located in the upper trachea
Malignant tumor
a cancerous growth, capable of invading other tissue and spreading
Medicaid
a public health insurance program that pays for the health care of low-income people
Medicare
federal health insurance plan for people 65 or older and others who receive Social Security benefits
Nicotine
an addictive substance found in tobacco
Nuclear family
a family group consisting of a mother and father and their children
Nutrients
substance found within food that the body needs to function properly
Osteoporosis
the loss of calcium from bones, causing them to become brittle
Pathogens
organisms or other agents that cause disease
Peers
A person who is like one or more others in age, status, or interests
Plague
an epidemic disease causing a high degree of mortality
Psychiatrists
a physician who deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders
Psychotherapy
a method of treating mental, emotional, and nervous disorders
Puberty
a period of time during which the reproduction system begins to mature
Quackery
the selling of health-related products or treatments that have little or no medical value
Ringworm
a contagious fungal disease of the skin, hair, or nails of humans and domestic animals; it is characterized by ring-shaped discolored skin patches
Risk
a possibility of danger or loss
Steroids
a synthetic version of the male hormone, testosterone. In small doses, steroids can help repair soft-tissue injuries, skeletal disorders, malnutrition, and some forms of anemia. Serious side effects can be caused by steroid use, particularly in large doses
Sidestream spoke
smoke that comes directly from the burning of a cigarette, cigar, or pipe
Stress
the body’s response to physical or mental demands or pressures
Stressors
an agent that causes stress
Striated muscles
muscle tissue that includes skeletal muscles and cardiac muscles
Stroke
brain damage caused by a blockage or rupture of a blood vessel in the brain
Subcutaneous
being, living, used, or made under the skin
Tendons
cords of collagen fibers that connect a muscle to a bone
Trachea
the main trunk of the system of tubes by which air passes to and from the lungs