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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Psychology
scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Behavior
any action that other people can observe and measure
Cognitive activities
mental processes, dreams, perceptions, thoughts, memories
Introspection
careful examination of our thoughts and feelings
Unconscious
collection of unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings and memories that one is not aware of but that does impact behavior
neurosis
relatively mild personality disorder with a great deal of anxiety or indecision and social or interpersonal maladjustment.
id
unconscious energy that wants to fulfill basic/primal sexual and aggressive drives (psychoanalytical theory)
ego
personality part of individual that is conscious/aware and controls behavior (psycholanalytical theory)
superego
the part of the personality that represents individual's internalized ideals - gives values and morals upon which to judge (psychoanalytical theory)
fixation
"a partial stop of emotional and instinctual development at an early point in life, due to a severe traumatic experience or overwhelming gratification, a preoccupation with one subject, issue; obsession:
psychotherapy
goal is to help an individual deal with and get out of psychological disorders and problems in living - variety of psychological techniques used
free association
uncensored thoughts that come to mind in therapy (psychoanalysis)
resistance
blocking from consciousness anything that might cause anxiety
regression
defense mechanism where a person goes back to an earlier stage of development when faced with anxiety
transference
the shift of emotions, esp. those from childhood, from person or object to another, esp. the transfer of feelings about a parent to analyst
stimulus-response
reaction to a stimulus
reinforcement
event or stimulus that follows a response and increases the likelihood of that response occuring again
conditioning
a type of learning that involves stimulus-response connections, where the response relies on the stimulus to occur
desensitization
thru repeated exposure to a stimulus, the undesirable response to a panic or phobic situation is decreased until it disappears
behavior modification
basic learning techniques that modify unacceptable behavior patterns by substituting new responses for undesirable ones
hypothetical constructs
a variable that can be explained but not observed
genetics
science of heredity, dealing with resemblances and differences of related organisms because of their genes
physiology
functions and activities of living organisms and their parts, including all physical and chemical processes
nature - v- nuture
process of debate on whether most growth takes place as a result of biology that is programmed or because our social and physical environment provides stimulation
reductionist
"theory that every complex phenomenon can be explained by analyzing the simplest, most basic mechanisms that are in operation during the phenomenon.
mechanistic
automatic response due to biological causes
deterministic
every human event, act, and decision is the inevitable consequence of what happened before - preprogrammed
subjective interpretation
interpretation of an event that takes place in a person's mind rather than the external world
self-actualization
the self-motivated striving to reach one's potential
incongruence
not connected by similarities