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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Two Major Orientations
Personality Psychology and experimental psychology
Personality
More or less stable and enduring organization of a person's character, temperament, intellect and physique which determines his unique adjustment to the environment
Character
A person's more or less stable and enduring system of conative behavior (will)
Temperment
Stable and enduring system of affective behavior (emotion)
Intellect
enduring system of cognitive behavior (intelligence)
Physique
System of bodily configuration and neuroendocrine endowment
Typology
Is organized hierarchically through traits and habits
Eysenck Personality Questionnaire
A test to determine the three dimensions of Eysenck's Trait theory
Evtraverts
Sociable and impulsive individuals who like excitement
Introverts
Quiet, introspective individual who are oriented towards well-ordered life
Neurotics
Emotionally unstable individuals, anxiety level disproportionate to the the realities of the situation
Psychotics
More sever than neurotics, most sever is psychopathology
Psychopathology
hostile cruel and inhumane
Genius vs. Psychopath
Genius has unique way of thinking and not canceling non-relevant answers that are beneficial to society, psychopath is not
Schizophrenia
Have concepts that are overinclusive and, in consequence able to connect ideas that are unrelated
Divergent Thinking
Ability to think in unusual an doriginal ways
Dopamine
Excessive of this causes over inclusiveness
Serotonin
Lack of is a reason for over inclusiveness
Inhibition Theory
Eysenck first part of theory that based reasoning on differing neurological functions
Extroversion (Inhibition Theory)
Strong inhibitory process and weak excitatory process causes for a need for excitement
Introversion (Inhibition Theory)
Strong excitatory processes and weak inhibitory process
Stimulus Hunger
Desire for a strong sensory stimulation that extroverts have.
Reactive inhibition
That an activity is less stimulating each time you come into contact with it, extroverts higher reactive inhibition, tire and move on more often from things
Cortical Arousal
Eysenck's theory that can more precisely predict
Arousal Theory
Can identify the physiological system underlying the differences, introversion/extraversion and stability/neuroticisms
Arousal Theory and Introversion/Extroversion
Said introverts have high cortical arousability, to date has not been proven only that introverts are more sensitive to stimulation
Ascending Reticular Activating System (ARAS)
The thalamus and cortex, in crease in ARAS results in increases in alertness and arousal of the cortex. The ARAS can influence the cortex and the cortex can influence the ARAS
Hedonic tone
feelings and evaluations of the experience
Difference in Hedonic Tones
Extraverts have a higher level of stimulation to reach their hedonic tone where introverts need less stimulation
Study On Distractions I/E
Showed that introverts could not perform as well when distractions where around that extroverts could, however introverts tend to be more studious
Autonomic Activation and Neuroticism
Higher scores of neuroticism have lower thresholds for activity , my overact to mild stimulation .
Visceral Brain
The Limbic system, the part of the brain that is the deriver of neuroticism. Only partially separate from the ARAS.
Neurotic ism Seperated
Is broken down into Anxious and Worry, worry performs worst, anxious can perform the same but more bodily harm
Hormones and Psychotocism
Psychotocism is higher in males than females so it is wondered if androgens and antigens have a role in the development
The Role of Heredity
Roles are universal; twins show that they are more likely to both share Extroversion/Introversion and Neuroticism at the same levels saying there must be some biological reasoning behind it
The Role of Socialization
Introverts can better learn the rules of society over extraverts. Society helps shape how the individual responds,like criminal behavior. Extroverts more likely to be criminal especially if they are neurotic. Psychotic ism and intelligence have a role. Personality development can and does respond to socialization.
Intelligence, Heredity and Social Policy
Intelligence plays a big role in personality and it is hereditary. 80% hereditary. Soceity should be based on meritocracy not and a mediocracy. Who do you want performing your brain surgery? Were not equal. Though of a test to measure IQ that measured brain waves to show how you much information you interpreted when visually and auditorially stimulated. More complex waves the higher the IQ.
Assessment Techniques
Used twins, auditory stimulation tests for e/i. For arousal theory relied on EEG an delectrodermal response and pupillary response. Tested on animals for social goals.