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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
inductive method
no preconcieved bias about # of traits or types
deductive reasoning
eyesenck- 3 personality factors
common traits
shared by many
unique traits
peculiar to individual
source traits
account for number of surface traits
how personbehaves
why one behaves
Eysenck's factor theory
psychometric evidence(reliable and replicable), heritability (genetic model), deductive method, social relvance
specific acts or cognitions
lowest level of indHBO, may or may not be chacteristics of a person
habitual acts or cognition
2nd level, responces that reoccur under similar comditions
3rd level, important seem-permanent personality dispositions
4th level, several interrelated traits
pole introversion,
cortical arousal level
inherited rather than learned (introversion/extroversion)
pole stability
diatesis-stress model
some people prone to illness because of genetic or predispotion to weakness
pole superego, people high is pschotism predisposed to succumb to stress and develope a psychotic illness
Big 5
Openess, conscientiousness, extraersion, agreeableness, neuroticism
basic tendencies
raw material of personality capacities that are generally inferred rather than observed
characteristic adaptations
acquired personality traits that develope as people adapt to environment
self concept
knowledge, views, and evaluations of the self, facts such as miscellaneous facts and personal history
biological bases
genes, hormones, brain structure
objective biography
everything a person does, thinks or feels across a lifespan
external influences
how we respond to oppurtunities and demands
individuality postulate
each person has a unique combination if trait patterns
origin postulate
personality traits are soley of internal forces
developement postulate
people deveope and change throughout chidhood
structure postulate
traits are organized hieracrhtically
postulate of characteristic adaptions
over time people adapt to evironments
law of effect
responces are followed imediatly by a satisfier are stamped in, followed by an annoyance are stamped out
concerned with causation
classical conditioning
a nuetral conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus a # of times until it brings about a conditioned responce
operant conditioning
immediant reinforcement of a responce
rewards the closer you get to the correct behavior
successive approximations
gradually shapes the final complex sets of behaviors
stimulus generalization
responce to similare environment in absence of reinforcement
social cognitive theory
encounters and fortuitous evevnts seriously, placicity, triadic reciprica causation model, agentic perspective
processes governing obsercational learning
attention, representation, behavioral production, motivation
triadic reciprical causation
environment, behavior, and person
human agency
intentionality, forethought to set goals, self-reactiveness motivating and regulating their own actions, selfreflectiveness examine own functioning
self efficacy
beliefs in personal efficacy influence what course of action to take, social modeling, social persuation, physical and emotional states