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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is personality development?
how the parts of personality and their organixation develop and change over time.
social smile
by 6 months an infant can recognize a smile and smile back.
cross sectional research designs
an apporach to developmental research in which people of two or more diffferent ages are compared in order to assess the infulence of age on mental functioning
longitudinal research designs
an approach in developmental research in which people are followed across time to see how they change or stay the same.
does a newborn possess personality?
infants possess substantial organization to prepare them for personality.
infant temperament
temperament refers to the basic motivational and emotional building blocks that make up personality traits. often described according to a range of customary responses emitted by the developing infant. ex activity level, emotional reactivity...etc.
secure attachment
mother accurate and sympathetic about infants feelings. infant has a reliable bond with mother. mother is comforting
anxious-resistant attachment
relationship in which an individual has an uncertain or nercous bond with another person that limits independence, coupled with somewhat fretful, yet welcomed returns of caretaker.
anxious-aviodant attachment
mother seem uninterested in their infants and rebuff them consistently. infant does not seek out mother. uncertain about caretaker.
big 3 of temperament
positivity, negativity, and cuddliness
authoritative parenting
raising children in chich the caretaker exercises control over the child in a nurtringing way, establishing and enforcing rules for the childs benefit while also explaining the purpose of such rules.
authoritarian parenting
raising children in which the caretaker exercises control over the child but with little explanation for the reasons why control is exerted, and with little concern for the childs needs or feelings.
permissive parenting
the caretaker treats the child in a nurturing caring fashion but without providing much structure and without enforcing important rules.
uninvolved parenting
the caretaker is relatively unconcerned with a child and neither monitors nor enforces any rules concerning the child or the childs behavior and fails to nurture the child.
family size/birth order
the larger the # of siblings, the lower the academic attainment of the children in the family.