Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Reasonably stable patterns of behaviors, including thoughts and feelings, that characterize a person's adaptation to life.
Personality characteristics
Completely unconscious. Represents our basic impulses and urges because it operates on the pleasure principle (if it feels good, do it)
Operates on the reality principle (can it be done? what are the consequences?)Engages in reality testing and is the referee between the id and superego.
Our conscience. It develops and matures slowly over the years (except for those with antisocial personalities). Our internalization of society's moral system; it is always pressuring us to do what one should or ought to do.
Defense Mechanisms
Behaviors that all of us manifest from time to time. Occur unconsciously.
When we displace unacceptable feelings (sexual or aggressive) from a threatening object to a less threatening object.
When the person manifests behaviors that were prevalent during a previous stage of development.
When we attempt to use distorted logic to justify why we have engaged in unacceptable behavior.
Reaction Formation
The person has a feeling(s) that violates his or her belief system. Unwittingly, the person denies the actual feeling and overtly adopts an exaggerated attitude that is the opposite of the feeling.
When we discount the value of something or someone that we wanted badly, but were unable to attain because of our own inabilities or deficiencies.
Oral Stage
Birth to age 1- The mouth is an erogeneous zone nad is used for feeding and exploring.
Erogeneous Zone
Any part of the body that is physiologically capable of registering sexual stimulation.
Frustrated Personality
Occurs when an infant is weaned too early from the breast or the bottle.
Dependent Personality
Occurs when an infant is given excessive gratification with respect to the bottle or breast. Always expecting others to meet their needs.
Anal Stage
Age 1 to 3- The anus is an erogeneous zone, during this stage, toddlers are usually toilet trained.
Anal-Retentive Personality
Occurs if parents are excessively demanding and rigid over a child's toilet training. The child may possess characteristics such as: stinginess, being clean and orderly, perfectionism.
Anal-Expulsive Personality
Occurs if parents are very lax or nonchalant over a child's toilet training. The child may possess characteristics such as: lack or orderliness and cleanliness, lack or organizational and planning skills.
Phallic Stage
Age 3 to 5- Boys discover penis, girls discover clitoris. Boys become aware that girls do not have penises and experience castration anxiety, while girls become aware that boys have penises and experience penis envy.
Castration anxiety
The assumption that girls once had penises but they were removed at a time in their lives.
Oedipus Complex
When boys develop a sensual/sexual attachment to their mothers and begin viewing their fathers are rivals.
Electra Complex
Girls develop attachments to their fathers and wish that their mothers would depart the family so they can have their fathers all to themselves.
When this occurs, the sexual attachment towards the opposite sex parent gets repressed and we later in life unconsciously select a mate who resembles (physically or personality) our opposite sex parent.
Latency Stage
Age 5-puberty. Little development in children. Sexuality becomes repressed as children focus on school.
Adult-Genital Stage
Adolescence-childhood. If a person is successful in resolving the Oedipal or Electra complex, then the person develops sex-role identity and pursues mature, heterosexual relationships.
Freudian Slip
Married men call their wives "mom" and then quickly correct themselves with their wives actual names.
Incest taboo
Prohibits incest in cultures.
Neo- Freudians
Psychoanalysts who followed the ideas of freud but differed with freud in many ways.