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15 Cards in this Set

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Eysenck
top down theory of personality. first look for factors and then look for the causes of these factors
1967
yerkes dodson
intermediate amount of arousal leads to optimum performance
1908
easterbrook
suggested that the reason for the yerkes dodson law was that it effected attentional ability. too much arousal=narrowed attention. too little arousal=unable to pay attention
1959
gale
review of 33 eeg studies. investigate arousal potential. found that chronic cortial arousal was present in 22 or the 33 studies.
1983
geen
showed that noise has a bad effect on interverts
1984
revelle et al
showed the effect of caffine and stimulants on introverts and extroverts. caffine has a negative effect on introverts. but introverts are less effected by alcohol
1976
furnham
showed that introverts and extroverts had social enviromental preferences. extroverts prefered situations with competition.
1981
plouffe and stelmark
the only study suggesting a biological effect of neurotism. neurotics show increased pupil contriction under stress
1979
conley and angelide
showed that neurotism was the biggest predictor of affect disorders - suggests that is is a trait!
1988
gray
bottom up theory of personality. first look for the biological causes of behaviour. then work out what factors it effects. just because there are a certain amount of factors doesn't mean there'll be the same ammount of causes
1973
gray
experiment involving gray giving anxiolytic drugs to animals in an attempt to understand the effect anxiety has on behaviour
1982
davidson
evidence for the existance of a BAS - showed that it exists using an eeg.
2003
carver and white
attempted to provide evidence that impulsiveness was related to chronic activation of BAS and that anxiety was related to the BIS.

high anx - more nervous after negative feedback

high imp - more happy after positive feedback.

this is due to increased activity of BIS and BAS respectively
1994
cohen et al
ppts who are high on impulsiveness also show higher levels of activation of the dopamine reward system
2005
franken and muris
bas scores are higher in drug addicts - suggests impulsiveness
2006