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92 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Mental Health
An umbrella concept encompassing emotional, social, spiritual, and intellectual health.
Dynamic, ever-changing process of achieving indicidual potential in the physical, social, mental, environmental, spiritual, emotional, and intellectual dimensions of life.
Death Rate
Illness Rate
The achievement of the highest level of health possible in each of several dimensions.
Activities of dialy living (ADLs)
Tasks of everyday living, such as bathing and walking up stairs.
Health promotion
Combined educational, organizational, procedural, enviromentral, social, and financial supports that help people reducce negative health behviors and promote positive change.
Risk Behaviors
Actions that increas susceptibility to negative health outcomes.
Disease prevention
Actions or behaviors designed to dkeep people from getting sick.
Primary prevention
Actions deesigned to reduce risk and avoid health problems before they start.
Secondary prevention (intervention)
Recognizing health risks and taking action to stop them before they lead to actual illness.
Tertiary prevention
Treatment and/or rehabilitation after a person is sick.
The number of new cases
The number of existing cases.
Cerfified Health Education Specialits
Academically trained health educators who have passed a nation competency examination for prevention and intervention programming.
Women's Health Initative (WHI)
National study focusing on the leading causes of death and disease in postmenopausal women, in conjunction with the NIH mandate for equal research priorities for women's health issues.
Appraisal of the relationship between some object, action, or idea and some attribute of that object, action, or idea.
Relatively stable set of beliefts, feelings, and behavioral tenencles in relation to somethiing or someone.
Health Belief Model (HBM)
Model for explaining how beliefs may influnce behaviors.
Theory of Reasoned Action
Model for explaining the importance of our intentions in determining behaviors.
Using a series fo small steps to reach a particlar goal gradually.
Imagined reherarsal
Practicing, through mental imagery, to become better able to perform an actual event.
Learning specific behavior sby watchiing others perform them.
Situational inducement
Attempt to influence a behavior through occastions and social settings that are structured to exert control over that behavior.
Positive reinforcement
presenting a reward following a behavior to increase the likeihood that the behavior will be repeated.
Psychosocial health
The mental, emotional, social, and spiritual dimensions of health.
Mental health
The thinking part of psychosocial health that includes values, attitudes, and beliefs.
Emotional health
the feeling part of psychosocial health that includes emotional reactions to life
Intensified feelings or complex patterns of feelings we constantly experince.
Social health
Aspect of psychosocial health that includes interactionwith others ability to use social supports, and ability to adapt to various situations.
Social Bonds
Degree and nature of interpersonal contacts.
Social support
network of people and services with whom you share ties and get support
A negative evaluation of an entire group of people that is typically based on unfavorable and often wrong ideas about the group.
A belief in a unifying force that gives meaning to life and transcends the purely physical or personal dimensions of existence.
A web of connections, including our relationship to ourselves, to others, and to a larger meaning or purpose in life.
Awareness and acceptance of the reality of the present moment.
Belief that helps each person realize a unique purpose in life.
Belief that allowws us to look confidently and courgeously to the future.
Acceptance, afirmation and respect for the self and others.
Dysfuncitional families.
Families in which ther eis violence; physical, emotiuonal, or sexual abuse; parental discord; or other negative interactions and behaviors.
Belief in one's own ability to engage in and execute a specific behavior successfully.
Personal Control
Belief that one's own internal resources can control a situation.
Sense of self-respect or self-worth
Learned helplessness
Pattern of responding to situations by giving up because of repeated failure in the past.
Subjectivie well-being (SWB)
That uplifting feelings of inner peace and wonder that we call happiness.
Mental illnesses
Disorders that disrupt thinking, feeling, moods, and behaviors and impair daily functioning.
Major depressive disorder
Severe depression that entails chronic mood disoder, physical effects such as sleep disturbance and exhaustion, and mental effects such as the inability to concenrate.
Chronic mood disorder
Experince of persistent sadness, despair, and hoplessness.
Bipolar disorder
Form of depression characterized by alternatiing manica and depression.
Anxiety discorders
Disorders characterized by persistent feelings of threat and anxiousness in cop8ing with everyday problems.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Generalized A contant sense of worry that may cause restlessness, difficulty in concerntrating, and tentionanxiety disorder (GAD) .
Panic attack
Severe anxiety attack in which a particular situation, often for unknown reasons, causes terror.
A deep and persistent fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that results in a complelling desire to avoid the source of the fear.
Social phobia
A phobia characterized by persistent fear and avoidance of social situations.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
A type of depression that occurs in the winter months, when sunlight levels are low.
A mental illness with biological origins that is characterized by irrational behavior, hallucinations, and, often, an inability to function in society.
A licensed medical dr who specializes in treating mental and emotional disorders
A person with an Ph.D. degree and training in counseling or clinical psychology.
A psychiatrist or psychologist with special training in psychoanalysis.
Social worker
A person with an M.S.W. degree and clinical training.
Aperson with a variety of academic and experiential training who deals with the treatment of emotional problems.
Mental and physical response of our bodies to the changes and challenges of our lives
A physical, social, or psychological event or condition that causes the body to adjust to a specific situation.
The attempt to cope with a given situation.
The wear and tear the body and mind sustain in adjusting to or resisting a stressor.
Positive stress that presents opportunities for personal growth.
Negative stress that can have a negative effect on health.
Fight-or-Flight respondse
Physiological reaction in with the body prepares to combat or escape a real or perceived threat.
A balanced physical state in which all the body's systems function smoothly
Adaptive response
Form of adjustment in which the body attemptsa to restore homeostasis.
GEneral adaptation sydrome (GAS)
The pattern followed in the physiological response to stress, consisting of the alarm, resistance, and exhaustion phase.
Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
The portion of the central nervous system that reglates bodily functions that a person does not normally consiously control.
Sympathetic nervous system
Branch of the autonomic nervous system responsible for stress arousal.
Parasympathetic nervous system
Part of the autonomic nervous system responsible for slwing systems stimulated by the stress response.
Asection of the brain that controls the sympathetic nervous system and directs the stress response.
Also called adrenaline, a hormone that stimulates body systems in response to stress.
Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)
A pituitary hormone that stimulates the adrenal glands to serete cortisol.
Hormone relased by the adrenal glands that makes stored nutrients more readily available to meet energy demands
The ability of the immune system to respond to assaults.
Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
Science of the interaction betwen the mind's response to stress and the immune system.
A state in which a person feels overburdened by demands
A state of physical and mental exhaustion caused by excessive stress
Background distressors
Environmental stressors of which people are often unware.
Cognitive stress system
The psychological system that governs emotional responses to stressors.
Psychological hardiness
A personality trait characterized by control, commitment, and challenge.
Psychological stress
Stres caused by being in an environment perceived to be beyond one's control and endangering one's well-being.
Stress inoculation
Newer stress management technique in which a person consciously tries to prepare ahead of time for potential stressors.
Conscious attempt to simplify life in an effort to reduce the stresses and strains of modern living.
A process that allows people to become unusally responsive to suggestion.
A relaxtion technique that involves focusing on a word or symbol, controlling reathing, and getting in touch with the inner self.
A technique that involves self-monitoring aby machine of physical responses to stress and attempts to control the responses.
The ability to be fully present in the moment.