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21 Cards in this Set

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6 Classes of Essential Nutrients
Proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and water
Essential
body MUST get these substances from food because its unable to to manufacture them at all or fast enough
3 classes of essential nutrients supplying energy
proteins, fats, carbohydrates
Proteins form ___________
muscle, bone, blood, enzymes, hormones, and cell membranes
Amino Acids
building blocks of protein
Complete Proteins
provide essential amino acids in adequate amounts
Triglycerides
glycerol + 3 fatty acids
Saturated Fat
solid at room temp

butter, whole milk, cheese, lard; palm and coconut oil
Unsaturated Fat
liquid at room temp

poly and mono unsaturated
Essential Fatty Acids
linoleic and alpha-linolenic

polyunsaturated
Monounsaturated
olive, canola, peanut oil

one double bond
polyunsaturated
sunflower, safflower, corn, cottonseed oils
hydrogenation
hydrogens added to unsaturated fat producing mixture of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids
trans fatty acids
atypical shape that affects chemical property in body
omega 3 fatty acids
polyunsaturated fat found primarily in fish
carbohydrates supply energy to ________
brain and red blood cells
vitamins that act as antioxidants
vitamins C and E

Beta Carotene (vit A precursor)
phytochemicals
anti-oxidant found in plant foods that may prevent chronic illness
minerals
inorganic

regulate body functions

catalyst for energy release
DRI
Dietary Reference Intakes

establish nutrient intake to prevent nutrient deficiencies and reduce risk of chronic disease
food intolerance
problem lies with the metabolsim not the immune system