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93 Cards in this Set

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When elbows are extended, palms are supinated, and scapulae are depressed, what postion are you in?
Anatomical Position
Divides the body into upper and lower portions
Horizontal plane
Divdes the body into front and back
Frontal plane
Divides the body into right and left portions
Sagittal plane
Anterior
To the front
Posterior
To the back
Lateral
away from the midline
Medial
toward the midline
Superior
above
Inferior
below
Superficial
on or near the surface of the body
Deep
further from the surface of the body
Porximal
closer to the trunk
Distal
further from the trunk
Supine
lying on the spine (on the back)
Prone
lying face down
A joint that experiences limited movement
Nonsynovial joints
A joint that is most common and allows for greater range of motion
Synovial joint or diarthrodial joint
The nine joint actions for the shoulder joint
1. Shoulder flexion
2. Shoulder extension
3. Shoulder abduction
4. Shoulder adduction
5. Shoulder horizontal adduction/horizontal flexion
6. Shoulder horizontal abduction/horizontal extension
7. Shoulder internal rotation
8. Shoulder external rotation
9. Shoulder Circumduction
The nine major muscles of the shoulder joint
1. Pertoralis major
2. Deltoids
3. Latissimus dorsi
4. Supraspinatus
5. infraspinatus
6. teres minor
7. Subscapularis
8. Biceps brachii
9. Triceps brachii
What muscle performs shoulder horizontal flexion
Pectoralis Major
What muscles oppose the Pectoralis Major
Deltoids, Mid Trap, and rhomboids
Prime mover for Shoulder Flexion
Anterior Deltoid
The medial deltoid is the prime mover for what joint action
Shoulder abduction and shoulder horizontal abduction
The Posterior deltoid is responsible for what joint action
Shoulder abduction
What muscles opposes the anterior and medial portions of the deltoid
Latissimus dorsi
The latissimus dorsi is a prime mover for:
Shoulder adduction and shoulder extension
What are the rotator cuff muscles?
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
teres minor
Subscapularis
Supraspinatus is a prime mover for:
Shoulder abduction
Subscapularis performs what joint action:
shoulder internal rotation
Clavicles and the scapulae from what?
The shoulder girdle
What are the eight primary joint actions fo the shoulder girdle?
1. Scapular elevation
2. Scapular depression
3. Scapular retraction/scapular adduction
4. Scapular protraction/scapular abduction
5. Scapular upward rotation
6. Scapular downward tilt
7. Scapular upward tilt
8. Scapular reduction of upward tilt
What are the major muscles of the shoulder girdle?
Trapezuis
Rhomboids
Serratus anterior
Pectoralis minor
Levator Scapulae
Subclavius
Clavicles and the scapulae from what?
The shoulder girdle
What are the eight primary joint actions fo the shoulder girdle?
1. Scapular elevation
2. Scapular depression
3. Scapular retraction/scapular adduction
4. Scapular protraction/scapular abduction
5. Scapular upward rotation
6. Scapular downward tilt
7. Scapular upward tilt
8. Scapular reduction of upward tilt
What are the major muscles of the shoulder girdle?
Trapezuis
Rhomboids
Serratus anterior
Pectoralis minor
Levator Scapulae
Subclavius
How many parts of the trap are there? and name them
4 parts. I, II, III, IV
Upper (I, II)
Middle (III)
Lower (IV)
Upper trap is responsible for what joint action
Scapular elevation
Mid trap is responsible for what joint action
prime mover for scapular retraction
Lower trap is responsible for what joint action
prime mover for scapular depression and upward rotation
Where are the Rhomboids located?
Under the traps
Rhomboids are the prime mover for what joint action
scapular retraction, downward rotation, and elevation
Serratus anterior is the prime mover for what joint action
scapular protraction and upward rotation
Pectoralis minor performs what joint action
scapular depression, protraction, and downward rotation
The opposers of the Serratus anterior and the pectoralis minor as protractors.
Middle trap and Rhomboids as retractors
Levator scapulae is responsible for what joint actions
scapular elevation
Subclavius assits with what joint action
scapular depression
The Elbow joint is also known as:
Humeroulner joint
How many joint actions does the elbow have:
two
What are the elbow joint actions?
Elbow flexion
Elbow extension
What are the joint actions of the radius and ulna when they rotate or cross
Radioulnar supination
Radioulnar pronation
A lateral rotation of the forearm when the palm of the hand is upward
Radioulnar supination
A medial rotation of the forearm when the palm of the hand is in a downward postion
Radioulnar pronation
What the major muscles of the elbow joint?
1. Biceps Brachii
2. Brachialis
3. Brachioradialis
4. Triceps Brachii
5. Anconeus
Name the 4 primary joint actions of the spine
1. Spinal flexion
2. Spinal extension
3. Spinal rotation
4. Spinal lateral flexion
Name the major muscles of the spine
1. Rectus Abdominis
2. External/Internal Obliques
3. Transverse abdominis
4. Erector spinae
5. Multifidus
6. Quadratus Lumborum
Rectus Abdominis is the prime mover for what joint action
Spinal flexion
what muscle opposed the Rectus abdominis?
Erector Spinae
Prime mover for the obliques
Spinal Flexion with rotation
What is the deepest abdominal muscle?
Transverse abdominis
What joint actions does the Transverse abdominis have?
None
What are the muscles of the erector spinae?
1. iliocostalis
2. longissumus
3. spinalis
Prime mover for spinal extension
Erector Spinae
Where is the Multifidus located?
under the erector spinae
What actions does the multifidus perform?
assits with spinal extension and spinal rotation
Prime mover for spinal lateral flexion
Quadratus Lumborum
Name the 3 joint actions of the pelvic girdle
Anterior pelvic tilt
posterior pelvic tilt
Lateral pelvic tilt
Name the major muscles of the pelvic girdle
1. Hip flexors and erecotr spinae
2. Gluteus Maximus, hamstrings, and rectus abdominis
3. Quadratus Lumborum, gluteus medius, hip adductors
Hip flexors and erector spinae perform what joint action
Anterior pelvic tilt
Gluteus Maximus, hamstrings, and rectus abdominis perform what joint action
Posterior pelvic tilt
Quadratus Lumborum, gluteus medius, and hip adductors perform what joint action
Lateral pelvic tilt
Name the joint actions of the hip
1. Hip flexion
2. Hip extension
3. Hip abduction
4. Hip adduction
5. Hip horizontal abduction
6. Hip horizontal adduction
7. Hip internal rotation
8. Hip external rotation
9. Hip circumduction
What are the major muscles of the hip?
1. Iliopsoas
2. Gluteus Maximus
3. Hamstrings
4. Gluteus Medius
5. Hip adductors
6. Gluteus Minimus
7. Hip Outward rotators
Name the 3 muscles that make up the hip flexors
Iliacus
Psoas major
rectus femoris
what muscles oppose the hip flexors?
hamstrings and gluteus maximus
Iliopsoas performs what joint aciton.
Hip flexion
Gluteus Maximus is the prime mover for what joint actions
Hip extension and hip external rotation
What is the largest of the buttock muscles
Gluteus Maximus
Hamstrings perform what joint action
Hip Extension
What are the muscles of the hamstring
Biceps femoris
semitendnosus
semimembranosus
Gluteus medius is the prime mover for what joint action
Hip abduction
The opposer to the Gluteus medius are:
Hip adductors
How many hip adductors are there
five
what are the five hip adductors
1. adductor longus
2 adductor bevis
3. adductor magnus
4. adductor gracilis
5. adductor pectineus
What is the joint action for hip adductors
Hip adduction
Which of the five hip adductors is also a prime mover for hip flexion
Adductor Pectineus
Where are the Gluteus minimus loctated
Beneath the Gluteus Medius
What is the prime mover for the Gluteus minimus
Hip internal rotation
What does the Gluteus minimus is assist with
Hip abduction
What are the assistors to hip internal rotation
Hip adductors, hamstrings, and the tensor fasciae Latae
How many muscles aer part of the hip outward rotator
six
What are the hip outward rotator muscles
1. Piriformis
2. Obturator internus
3. Obturation externus
4. Quadratus femoris
5. Gemelus superior
6. Gemelus inferior
The joint action of the hip outward rotaror muscles is:
hip external rotation