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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What 2 products were most likely to be traded by Phoenicians?
Purple dye and cedar wood
Which civilization was the first to practice monotheism?
Hebrews
What are the rules that govern ethical behavior for Hebrews?
Ten Commandments
Why did Phoenicians become seafarers?
they had limited supplies of food
What is the name for the Hebrew god?
Yahweh
Who was the Persian prophet who taught of the struggle between good and evil?
Zoroaster
What was the greatest contribution made by the Phoenicians to later civilizations?
alphabet
What was the important Phoenician colony in northern Africa that provided access to the British Isles, Spain and the Atlantic Ocean as well as control of the western Mediterranean?
Carthage
How did Persians treat those they conquered?
with tolerance
What is the Hebrew escape from Egypt known as?
Exodus
Which civilization is credited with developing the first alphabet?
Phoenicians
Who was considered the patriarch of Judaism because he made a covenant with Yahweh?
Abraham
What enabled Persian messengers to travel about 1700 miles in 2 weeks through a system of relay stations?
Royal Road
What was the message of Zoroaster?
Individuals must make a choice between the forces of good and evil
How did the Persians govern their massive empire?
It was a strong government that was divided into provinces.
As Jews escaped from Egypt they believed the Ten Commandments were revealed to this person.
Moses
The holy writings for Hebrews
Torah
Which civilization established trading posts and colonies throughout the Mediterranean?
Phoenicians
What was the economy of the Phoenicians based on?
shipping and sea trade (esp. through the Mediterranean)
The scattering of Jewish communities outside their homeland
the Diaspora
Which civilization used contracts and bills of sale to establish an extensive trading network?
Phoenicians
Who ultimately defeated the Persian Empire?
Alexander the Great
Where was Persia's westward expansion into Greece halted?
Persian Wars (Battles of Salamis and Marathon)
prophet
one who carries a message from a god
province
an administrative district of a larger government
covenant
a binding agreement, often religious in nature
seafarer
mariner; one who navigates or assists in navigating a ship
treaty
an agreement between 2 or more nations made through negotiations
colony
people living in a new territory but keeping ties with the parent/native nation
monotheism
belief in one god
Sabbath
a day of rest that is observed by Jews from sunset Friday to sunset on Saturday